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Creative conservation and Balinese traditional landscape : scenarios for eco city concepts and culturally sensitive tourism development

Yudantini, Ni Made 2012, Creative conservation and Balinese traditional landscape : scenarios for eco city concepts and culturally sensitive tourism development, in SAHANZ 2012 : Fabulation : myth, nature, heritage. Proceedings of the 29th Society of Architectural Historians Australia & New Zealand Conference, SAHANZ, Launceston, Tas., pp. 1276-1293.

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Title Creative conservation and Balinese traditional landscape : scenarios for eco city concepts and culturally sensitive tourism development
Author(s) Yudantini, Ni Made
Conference name Society of Architectural Historians Australia & New Zealand. Conference (29th : 2012 : Launceston, Tasmania)
Conference location Launceston, Tasmania
Conference dates 5-8 Jul. 2012
Title of proceedings SAHANZ 2012 : Fabulation : myth, nature, heritage. Proceedings of the 29th Society of Architectural Historians Australia & New Zealand Conference
Editor(s) King, Stuart
Chatterjee, Anuradha
Loo, Stephen
Publication date 2012
Conference series Society of Architectural Historians Australia & New Zealand. Conference
Start page 1276
End page 1293
Total pages 18
Publisher SAHANZ
Place of publication Launceston, Tas.
Summary Bali is internationally recognized as an island possessing a beautiful natural landscape as well as a unique culture. The natural qualities of its mountains, lakes, rivers, rice terrace fields with subak irrigation make Bali an important tourism destination. Cultural Tourism is integral in Bali’s tourism industry providing the basic capital for development1. The social condition of this society that is strongly characterized by religious beliefs, and its nature and ecology also supports this. The conservation and maintenance of this traditional landscape is often forgotten because of government agendas to implement cultural city programs aimed at encouraging tourism development. Despite this, the government is now supporting the program of ‘Bali toward Garden Island’, which aims to sustain the physical and cultural environment of the island towards conservation of its landscape. The implementation of this program includes attention to universal, societal and cultural values as unity indicators, of which the landscape planning of the Balinese characteristics and traditions cannot be separated. Landscape planning is integral in this initiative of character defining the region.

Globalisation is increasingly becoming one of the most important discussions amongst the Balinese people. It has become a national concern about the changes implicating Bali’s environment. Urbanisation, population growth, ribbon development, migration and consumption of energy are important imperatives and necessary evils for growing cities. These imperatives are creating the sprawl of building planning, development information, loss of open spaces, as well as the decline of the identity of cities. Places such as Denpasar City are struggling with increasing population at a rate of 1.94% per year that is causing increase in housing and public facilities demanded by both residents and ex-patriates. Thus land associated with the city has been lost to the rapid development of this cultural landscape.

This paper examines the Balinese traditional landscape and its role in encouraging tourism development that based on the Balinese culture and its ecology. The paper focuses on the planning of city landscape appearance characteristics and seeks to test and adopt the terms ‘creative conservation’ and ‘eco city concept’. By conserving the most important philosophy of the Balinese Tri Hita Karana Concept will better inform all aspects of city development in Bali. This study seeks to offer guidance for the legitimate use of landscape planning especially for city development in Bali.
ISBN 9781862956582
Language eng
Field of Research 120102 Architectural Heritage and Conservation
Socio Economic Objective 950307 Conserving the Historic Environment
HERDC Research category E1 Full written paper - refereed
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30049563

Document type: Conference Paper
Collection: School of Architecture and Built Environment
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