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Educational inequalities in women's depressive symptoms : the mediating role of perceived neighbourhood characteristics

Teychenne, Megan, Ball, Kylie and Salmon, Jo 2012, Educational inequalities in women's depressive symptoms : the mediating role of perceived neighbourhood characteristics, International journal of environmental research and public health, vol. 9, no. 12, pp. 4241-4253.

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Title Educational inequalities in women's depressive symptoms : the mediating role of perceived neighbourhood characteristics
Author(s) Teychenne, Megan
Ball, Kylie
Salmon, Jo
Journal name International journal of environmental research and public health
Volume number 9
Issue number 12
Start page 4241
End page 4253
Total pages 13
Publisher M D P I AG
Place of publication Basel, Switzerland
Publication date 2012-12
ISSN 1660-4601
1661-7827
Keyword(s) socioeconomic position
depression
women
neighbourhood
Summary Socio-economically disadvantaged (e.g., less educated) women are at a greater risk of depression compared to less disadvantaged women. However, little is known regarding the factors that may explain socioeconomic inequalities in risk of depression. This study aimed to investigate the contribution of perceived neighbourhood factors in mediating the relationship between education and women’s risk of depression. Cross-sectional data were provided by 4,065 women (aged 18–45). Women self-reported their education level, depressive symptoms (CES-D 10), as well as four neighbourhood factors (i.e., interpersonal trust, social cohesion, neighbourhood safety, and aesthetics). Single and multiple mediating analyses were conducted. Clustering by neighbourhood of residence was adjusted by using a robust estimator of variance. Multiple mediating analyses revealed that interpersonal trust was the only neighbourhood characteristic found to partly explain the educational inequalities in women’s depressive symptoms. Social cohesion, neighbourhood aesthetics and safety were not found to mediate this relationship. Acknowledging the cross-sectional nature of this study, findings suggest that strategies to promote interpersonal trust within socioeconomically disadvantaged neighbourhoods may help to reduce the educational inequalities in risk of depression amongst women. Further longitudinal and intervention studies are needed to confirm these findings.
Notes Reproduced under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/ “Published material can be re-used without obtaining permission as long as a correct citation to the original publication is given” http://www.mdpi.com/about/openaccess
Language eng
Field of Research 111714 Mental Health
Socio Economic Objective 920206 Health Inequalities
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2012, by the authors.
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30050157

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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.