Walking for recreation and perceptions of the neighbourhood environment in older chinese urban dwellers

Cerin, Ester, Sit, Cindy H. P., Barnett, Anthony, Cheung, Man-chin and Chan, Wai-man 2013, Walking for recreation and perceptions of the neighbourhood environment in older chinese urban dwellers, Journal of urban health, vol. 90, no. 1, pp. 56-66, doi: 10.1007/s11524-012-9704-8.

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Title Walking for recreation and perceptions of the neighbourhood environment in older chinese urban dwellers
Author(s) Cerin, Ester
Sit, Cindy H. P.
Barnett, Anthony
Cheung, Man-chin
Chan, Wai-man
Journal name Journal of urban health
Volume number 90
Issue number 1
Start page 56
End page 66
Total pages 11
Publisher Springer
Place of publication New York, N. Y.
Publication date 2013-02
ISSN 1099-3460
Keyword(s) walking for recreation
older adults
perceived environment
Summary Engagement in walking for recreation can contribute to healthy aging. Although there is growing evidence that the neighborhood environment can influence walking for recreation, the amount of such evidence in relation to older adults is scarce and limited to Western low-density urban locations. Asian urban environments are typified by distinctive environmental and cultural characteristics that may yield different patterns to those observed in Western countries. Therefore, the main aim of this study was to examine associations of perceived environmental attributes with overall and within-neighborhood walking for recreation in Chinese elders (65+ years) residing in Hong Kong, an ultradense Asian metropolis. A sample of 484 elders was recruited from 32 neighborhoods stratified by socio-economic status and walkability (dwelling and intersection densities). Validated questionnaires measuring perceived neighborhood environment and weekly minutes of overall and within-neighborhood walking for recreation were interviewer administered. Results showed that the level of recreational walking was twice to four times higher than that reported in Western adults and elders. While overall walking for recreation showed a general lack of associations with perceived environmental attributes, within-neighborhood recreational walking was positively related with proximity of recreational facilities, infrastructure for walking, indoor places for walking, and presence of bridge/overpasses connecting to services. Age and educational attainment moderated the associations with several perceived environmental attributes with older and less-educated participants showing stronger associations. Traditional cultural views on the benefits of physical activity and the high accessibility of facilities and pedestrian infrastructure of Hong Kong may explain the high levels of walking. Although specific neighborhood attributes, or their perception, may influence recreational walking within the neighborhood, the compactness and public transport affordability of ultradense metropolises such as Hong Kong may make it easy for elders to compensate for the lack of favorable neighborhood attributes by walking outside the neighborhood.
Language eng
DOI 10.1007/s11524-012-9704-8
Field of Research 110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 920401 Behaviour and Health
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2013, Springer
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30051111

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences
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