Strategies for improving the thermal performance and comfort levels of a kindergarten in the mountains of Nepal

Francis, Matthew and Fuller, Robert 2012, Strategies for improving the thermal performance and comfort levels of a kindergarten in the mountains of Nepal, in Solar 2012 : Proceedings of the 50th Australian Solar Energy Society Annual Academic Conference, Australian Solar Council (AuSES), Melbourne, Vic., pp. 1-10.

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Title Strategies for improving the thermal performance and comfort levels of a kindergarten in the mountains of Nepal
Author(s) Francis, Matthew
Fuller, Robert
Conference name Australian Solar Energy Society. Academic Conference (50th : 2012 : Melbourne, Victoria)
Conference location Melbourne, Victoria
Conference dates 6-7 Dec. 2012
Title of proceedings Solar 2012 : Proceedings of the 50th Australian Solar Energy Society Annual Academic Conference
Editor(s) [Unknown]
Publication date 2012
Conference series Australian Solar Energy Society Academic Conference
Start page 1
End page 10
Total pages 10
Publisher Australian Solar Council (AuSES)
Place of publication Melbourne, Vic.
Keyword(s) thermal performance
comfort levels
school
Nepal
Summary Located on the Annapurna trekking trail in Nepal, Siurung is a remote mountain village where outside influences are almost non-existent. The thermal comfort levels of a recently-constructed kindergarten are well below international standards because of the climate and poor building envelope. A TRNSYS model of the kindergarten has been used to predict the current occupant comfort levels and subsequently determine the most effective way to alter the traditional construction methods to improve comfort levels. Improvements investigated were: reduced air infiltration, roof and wall insulation (separately and together), installation of a smokeless stove and a combination of all strategies.The model predicted that in the current building the PMV ranges from -1.94 in October to - 0.99 in July. It also predicted that the current PPD (%) ranges from 100 in January to 26 in July. With the combination of strategies, the predicted PMV values were all improved to between -1.08 and +0.34, and the PPD values of all months except January were reduced to below 10%. When improving the comfort levels of an existing school, reducing air infiltration, adding roof insulation and installing a smokeless stove are the most effective strategies. When constructing a new school, however, reducing air infiltration and adding insulation to the walls and roof are the most effective and feasible strategies. If a smokeless stove can be afforded and transported to the site, it is recommended that one be installed as it provides a more significant improvement than any other single strategy.
ISBN 9780646900711
Language eng
Field of Research 120202 Building Science and Techniques
Socio Economic Objective 930402 School/Institution Community and Environment
HERDC Research category E1 Full written paper - refereed
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30051292

Document type: Conference Paper
Collection: School of Architecture and Built Environment
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