A review of flight-initiation distances and their application to managing disturbance to Australian birds

Weston, M.A., McLeod, E. M., Blumstein, D. T. and Guay, P.J. 2012, A review of flight-initiation distances and their application to managing disturbance to Australian birds, Emu, vol. 112, no. 4, pp. 269-286.

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Title A review of flight-initiation distances and their application to managing disturbance to Australian birds
Author(s) Weston, M.A.
McLeod, E. M.
Blumstein, D. T.
Guay, P.J.
Journal name Emu
Volume number 112
Issue number 4
Start page 269
End page 286
Total pages 18
Publisher CSIRO Publishing
Place of publication Melbourne, Vic.
Publication date 2012
ISSN 0158-4197
1448-5540
Keyword(s) buffers
human-wildlife conflict
human-wildlife interactions
escape
flightiness
response
Summary Disturbance - the response of birds to a stimulus such as the presence of a person - is considered a conservation threat for some Australian birds. The distance at which a bird flees from perceived danger is defined as the flight-initiation distance (FID), and could be used to designate separation distances between birds and stimuli that might cause disturbance. We review the known FIDs for Australian birds, and report FIDs for 250 species. Most FIDs are from south-eastern Australia, and almost all refer to a single walker as the stimulus. Several prominent factors correlated with FID are discussed (e.g. body mass and the distance at which an approach begins). FIDs have not been used extensively in the management of disturbance, for a variety of reasons including lack and inaccessibility of available data. We call for standardised data collection and greater application of available data to the management of disturbance.
Language eng
Field of Research 050202 Conservation and Biodiversity
Socio Economic Objective 960899 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity of Environments not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30051569

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Life and Environmental Sciences
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