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Evaluation of salmon farming effects on marine systems in the inner seas of southern Chile : a large-scale mensurative experiment

Soto, D. and Norambuena, F. 2004, Evaluation of salmon farming effects on marine systems in the inner seas of southern Chile : a large-scale mensurative experiment, Journal of applied ichthyology, vol. 20, no. 6, pp. 493-501, doi: 10.1111/j.1439-0426.2004.00602.x.

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Title Evaluation of salmon farming effects on marine systems in the inner seas of southern Chile : a large-scale mensurative experiment
Author(s) Soto, D.
Norambuena, F.
Journal name Journal of applied ichthyology
Volume number 20
Issue number 6
Start page 493
End page 501
Total pages 9
Publisher Wiley
Place of publication London, England
Publication date 2004
ISSN 0175-8659
1439-0426
Summary The impact of salmon farming on the environment has been widely studied; there is, however, no consensus on the magnitude and quality of these effects and little information on their extent over large salmon farming areas. Forty-three salmon farm sites of which 29 are in full operation and grouped in nine locations in southern Chile were evaluated. Using statistical methods (two-way anova), no effects were found on water column variables such as nitrate, ammonia, orthophosphate and chlorophyll, whereas they were significant on sediment variables such as nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and organic carbon (OC), among others. Natural variability evaluation of some parameters revealed that P in sediments had the lowest coefficient of variation (23.2%) when compared with N (65.2%), particulate organic matter (POM) (139%) and OC (39%), and showed more marked salmon farming effects with no locality effects. Four of the nine locations showed stronger effects on sediments, with average P values ranging from 150 to 230 mmol that were six to nine times higher than in control sites (25 mmol). Nitrogen and carbon in sediments, while showing significant effects on salmon farming, also showed locality effects that revealed other biogenic processes influencing sediment composition. Thus, P in sediments was proposed as a promising indicator of impact on salmon farming, although the relationship with fauna in sediments was not linear and somewhat variable; more research is therefore needed to understand such connections. Considering entire geographical locations, no relationship was found between sediment conditions under salmon cages and the condition of the water column at a farm. This may indicate the possibility of high dilution rates and recycling processes, which so far preclude the detection of more global impacts beyond the cages shadow.
Language eng
DOI 10.1111/j.1439-0426.2004.00602.x
Field of Research 059999 Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 970105 Expanding Knowledge in the Environmental Sciences
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30051947

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Life and Environmental Sciences
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