An investigation of porphyrinuria in Australian children with autism

Austin, David W. and Shandley, Kerrie 2008, An investigation of porphyrinuria in Australian children with autism, Journal of toxicology and environmental health. Part A, vol. 71, no. 20, pp. 1349-1351, doi: 10.1080/15287390802271723.

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Title An investigation of porphyrinuria in Australian children with autism
Author(s) Austin, David W.ORCID iD for Austin, David W.
Shandley, Kerrie
Journal name Journal of toxicology and environmental health. Part A
Volume number 71
Issue number 20
Start page 1349
End page 1351
Total pages 3
Publisher Taylor & Francis
Place of publication London, England
Publication date 2008
ISSN 1528-7394
Summary Two recent studies, from France (Nataf et al., 200614. Nataf, R., Skorupka, C., Amet, L., Lam, A., Springbett, A. and Lathe, R. 2006. Porphyrinuria in childhood autistic disorder: Implications for environmental toxicity. Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol., 214: 99–108. [CrossRef], [PubMed], [Web of Science ®] View all references) and the United States (Geier & Geier, 20079. Geier, D. A. and Geier, M. R. 2007. A prospective study of mercury toxicity biomarkers in autistic spectrum disorders. J. Toxicol. Environ. Health, A, 70: 1723–1730. [Taylor & Francis Online], [PubMed], [Web of Science ®] View all references), identified atypical urinary porphyrin profiles in children with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD). These profiles serve as an indirect measure of environmental toxicity generally, and mercury (Hg) toxicity specifically, with the latter being a variable proposed as a causal mechanism of ASD (Bernard et al., 20012. Bernard, S., Enayati, A., Redwood, L., Roger, H. and Binstock, T. 2001. Autism: A novel form of mercury poisoning. Med. Hypoth., 56: 462–471. [CrossRef], [PubMed], [Web of Science ®] View all references; Mutter et al., 200515. Mutter, J., Naumann, J., Schneider, R., Walach, H. and Haley, B. 2005. Mercury and autism: Accelerating evidence?. Neuroendocrinol. Lett., 26: 439–446. [PubMed], [Web of Science ®] View all references). To examine whether this phenomenon occurred in a sample of Australian children with ASD, an analysis of urinary porphyrin profiles was conducted. A consistent trend in abnormal porphyrin levels was evidenced when data was compared with those previously reported in the literature. The results are suggestive of environmental toxic exposure impairing heme synthesis. Three independent studies from three continents have now demonstrated that porphyrinuria is concomitant with ASD, and that Hg may be a likely xenobiotic to produce porphyrin profiles of this nature.
Language eng
DOI 10.1080/15287390802271723
Field of Research 179999 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2008, Taylor & Francis
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Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Psychology
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