The hedonic and eudaimonic validity of the orientations to happiness scale

Henderson, Luke Wayne, Knight, Tess and Richardson, Ben 2014, The hedonic and eudaimonic validity of the orientations to happiness scale, Social indicators research, vol. 115, no. 3, pp. 1087-1099.

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Title The hedonic and eudaimonic validity of the orientations to happiness scale
Author(s) Henderson, Luke Wayne
Knight, Tess
Richardson, Ben
Journal name Social indicators research
Volume number 115
Issue number 3
Start page 1087
End page 1099
Total pages 13
Publisher Springer Netherlands
Place of publication Dordrecht, The Netherlands
Publication date 2014-02
ISSN 0303-8300
1573-0921
Keyword(s) eudaimonia
hedonia
happiness
validity
well-being
orientations
pathways
Summary The orientations to happiness scale (OTH) was designed to measure three routes to happiness: pleasure (hedonia), meaning (eudaimonia) and engagement (flow). Past research utilising the scale suggests that all orientations predict life satisfaction, with meaning and engagement the stronger predictors relative to pleasure. However, these findings are inconsistent with other research; one plausible explanation being that the OTH scale lacks validity. This was tested by having participants (N = 107) complete the OTH scale and the Satisfaction with Life scale, prior to completing an online diary reporting actual instances of hedonic and eudaimonic behaviour. Although meaning predicted eudaimonic behaviour, the pleasure orientation was unrelated to hedonic behaviour. Further, hedonic behaviour was more strongly related to life satisfaction than eudaimonic behaviour; inconsistent with OTH scale results. These findings challenge the validity of the OTH scale, and subsequently bring into question those conclusions drawn from past research utilising the OTH scale.
Language eng
Field of Research 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
Socio Economic Objective 920410 Mental Health
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2013, Springer
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30052335

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: School of Psychology
Higher Education Research Group
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