The effects of whole-body vibration on the cross-transfer of strength

Goodwill, Alicia M. and Kidgell, Dawson J. 2012, The effects of whole-body vibration on the cross-transfer of strength, The scientific world journal, vol. 2012, no. Article ID 504837, pp. 1-11.

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Title The effects of whole-body vibration on the cross-transfer of strength
Author(s) Goodwill, Alicia M.
Kidgell, Dawson J.
Journal name The scientific world journal
Volume number 2012
Issue number Article ID 504837
Start page 1
End page 11
Total pages 11
Publisher Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Place of publication New York, N. Y.
Publication date 2012
ISSN 1537-744X
Keyword(s) electromyography
evoked muscle response
muscle isometric contraction
muscle thickness
resistance training
strength transfer
transcranial magnetic stimulation
whole body vibration
Summary This study investigated whether the use of superimposed whole-body vibration (WBV) during cross-education strength training would optimise strength transfer compared to conventional cross-education strength training. Twenty-one healthy, dominant right leg volunteers (21±3 years) were allocated to a strength training (ST, m = 3, f = 4), a strength training with WBV (ST + V, m = 3, f = 4), or a control group (no training, m = 3, f = 4). Training groups performed 9 sessions over 3 weeks, involving unilateral squats for the right leg, with or without WBV (35 Hz; 2.5mm amplitude). All groups underwent dynamic single leg maximum strength testing (1RM) and single and paired pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) prior to and following training. Strength increased in the trained limb for the ST (41%; ES = 1.14) and ST + V (55%; ES = 1.03) groups, which resulted in a 35% (ES = 0.99) strength transfer to the untrained left leg for the ST group and a 52% (ES = 0.97) strength transfer to the untrained leg for the ST + V group, when compared to the control group. No differences in strength transfer between training groups were observed (P = 0.15). For the untrained leg, no differences in the peak height of recruitment curves or SICI were observed between ST and ST + V groups (P = 1.00). Strength training with WBV does not appear to modulate the cross-transfer of strength to a greater magnitude when compared to conventional cross-education strength training.
Language eng
Field of Research 110903 Central Nervous System
Socio Economic Objective 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2012, A. M. Goodwill and D. J. Kidgell.
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