Does the longer application of anodal-transcranial direct current stimulaton increase corticomotor excitability further? A pilot study
Jaberzadeh, Shapour, Bastani, Andisheh and Kidgell, Dawson 2012, Does the longer application of anodal-transcranial direct current stimulaton increase corticomotor excitability further? A pilot study, Basic and clinical neuroscience, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 28-35.
Introduction: Anodal transcranial direct current stimulation (a-tDCS) of the primary motor cortex (M1) has been shown to be effective in increasing corticomotor excitability.
Methods: We investigated whether longer applications of a-tDCS coincide with greater increases in corticomotor excitability compared to shorter application of a-tDCS. Ten right-handed healthy participants received one session of a-tDCS (1mA current) with shorter (10 min) and longer (10+10 min) stimulation durations applied to the left M1 of extensor carpi radialis muscle (ECR). Corticomotor excitability following application of a-tDCS was assessed at rest with transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) elicited motor evoked potentials (MEP) and compared with baseline data for each participant.
Results: MEP amplitudes were increased following 10 min of a-tDCS by 67% (p = 0.001) with a further increase (32%) after the second 10 min of a-tDCS (p = 0.005). MEP amplitudes remained elevated at 15 min post stimulation compared to baseline values by 65% (p = 0.02).
Discussion: The results demonstrate that longer application of a-tDCS within the recommended safety limits, increases corticomotor excitability with after effects of up to 15 minutes post stimulation.
Field of Research
110903 Central Nervous System
Socio Economic Objective
970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
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