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A review of mathematical equations to assign individual marks from a team mark

Nepal, Kali Prasad 2012, A review of mathematical equations to assign individual marks from a team mark, in AAEE 2012 : The profession of engineering education, advancing teaching, research and careers : Proceedings of the 23rd Annual Conference of the Australasian Association for Engineering Education, ESER group, Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne, Vic., pp. 817-823.

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Title A review of mathematical equations to assign individual marks from a team mark
Author(s) Nepal, Kali Prasad
Conference name Australasian Association for Engineering Education. Conference (23rd : 2012 : Melbourne, Victoria)
Conference location Melbourne, Victoria
Conference dates 3-5 Dec. 2012
Title of proceedings AAEE 2012 : The profession of engineering education, advancing teaching, research and careers : Proceedings of the 23rd Annual Conference of the Australasian Association for Engineering Education
Editor(s) Mann, Llewellyn
Daniel, Scott
Publication date 2012
Conference series Annual Conference of the Australasian Association for Engineering Education
Start page 817
End page 823
Total pages 7
Publisher ESER group, Swinburne University of Technology
Place of publication Melbourne, Vic.
Keyword(s) teamwork assessment
team mark
individual mark
analytical equations
Summary BACKGROUND : Team-based learning is an integral part of engineering education today. Development of team skills is now a part of the curriculum at universities as employers demand these skills on graduates. Higher education institutions enforce academic staff to teach, practise and assess team skills, and at the same time, they ask academic staff to supply individual marks and/or grades. Allocating individual marks from a team mark is a very complex and sensitive task that may adversely affect both individual and team performance. A number of both qualitative and quantitative methods are available to address this issue. Quantitative mathematical methods are favoured over qualitative subjective methods as they are more straightforward to explain to the students and they may help minimise conflicts between assessors and students. PURPOSE : This study presents a review of commonly used mathematical equations to allocate individual marks from a team mark. Quantitative analytical equations are favoured over qualitative subjective methods because they are more straightforward to explain to the students and if explained to the students in advance, they may help minimise conflicts between assessors and students. Some of these analytical equations focus primarily on the assessment of the quality of teamwork product (product assessment) while the others put greater emphasis on the assessment of teamwork performance (process assessment). The remaining equations try to strike a balance between product assessment and process assessment. The primary purpose of this study is to discuss the qualitative aspects of quantitative equations. DESIGN/METHOD : This study simulates a set of scenarios of team marks and individual contributions that collectively cover all possible teamwork assessment environments. The available analytical equations are then applied to each case to examine their relative merits with respect to a set of evaluation criteria with exhaustive graphical plots. RESULTS : Although each analytical equations discussed and analysed in this study has its own merits for a particular application scenario, the recent methods such as knee formula in SPARKPLUS and cap formula, are relatively better in terms of a number of evaluation criteria such as fairness, teamwork attitude, balance between process and product assessments etc. In addition to having all favourable properties of knee formula, cap formula explicitly considers the quality of teamwork (i.e., team mark) while allocating individual marks. Cap formula may, however, be difficult to explain to the students due to relatively complex mathematical equations involved. CONCLUSIONS : Not all existing analytical equations that allocate individual marks from a team mark have similar characteristics. Recent methods, knee formula and cap formula, are advantageous in terms of a number of evaluation criteria and are recommended to apply in practice. However, it is important to examine these equations with respect to enhancing students’ learning achievements rather than the students and academic staff’s preferences.
ISBN 9780987177230
Language eng
Field of Research 120403 Engineering Design Methods
Socio Economic Objective 930599 Education and Training Systems not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category E1 Full written paper - refereed
Copyright notice ©2012, AAEE
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30052651

Document type: Conference Paper
Collections: School of Engineering
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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.