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Associations between neighbourhood and household environmental variables and fruit consumption : exploration of mediation by individual cognitions and habit strength in the GLOBE study

Tak, Nannah I., te Velde, Saskia J., Kamphuis, Carlinn B. M., Ball, Kylie, Crawford, David, Brug, Johannes and van Lenthe, Frank J. 2013, Associations between neighbourhood and household environmental variables and fruit consumption : exploration of mediation by individual cognitions and habit strength in the GLOBE study, Public health nutrition, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 505-514.

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Title Associations between neighbourhood and household environmental variables and fruit consumption : exploration of mediation by individual cognitions and habit strength in the GLOBE study
Author(s) Tak, Nannah I.
te Velde, Saskia J.
Kamphuis, Carlinn B. M.
Ball, Kylie
Crawford, David
Brug, Johannes
van Lenthe, Frank J.
Journal name Public health nutrition
Volume number 16
Issue number 3
Start page 505
End page 514
Total pages 10
Publisher Cambridge Unviersity Press
Place of publication Cambridge, England
Publication date 2013-03
ISSN 1368-9800
Keyword(s) fruit consumption
mediation
environmental variables
cognitive variables
habit strength
Summary Objective The present study examined associations of several home and neighbourhood environmental variables with fruit consumption and explored whether these associations were mediated by variables derived from the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) and by habit strength.

Design Data of the Dutch GLOBE study on household and neighbourhood environment, fruit intake and related factors were used, obtained by self-administered questionnaires (cross-sectional), face-to-face interviews and audits.

Setting
The city of Eindhoven in the Netherlands

Subjects
Adults (n 333; mean age 58 years, 54 % female).

Results
Multiple mediation analyses were conducted using regression analyses to assess the association between environmental variables and fruit consumption, as well as mediation of these associations by TPB variables and by habit strength. Intention, perceived behaviour control, subjective norm and habit strength were associated with fruit intake. None of the neighbourhood environmental variables was directly or indirectly associated with fruit intake. The home environmental variable ‘modelling behaviour by family members’ was indirectly, but not directly, associated with fruit intake. Habit strength and perceived behaviour control explained most of the mediated effect (71·9 %).

Conclusions
Modelling behaviour by family members was indirectly associated with fruit intake through habit strength and perceived behaviour control. None of the neighbourhood variables was directly or indirectly, through any of the proposed mediators, associated with adult fruit intake. These findings suggest that future interventions promoting fruit intake should address a combination of the home environment (especially modelling behaviour by family members), TPB variables and habit strength for fruit intake.
Language eng
Field of Research 111199 Nutrition and Dietetics not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 920411 Nutrition
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2013, Cambridge University Press
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30052735

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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.