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Change in active travel and changes in recreational and total physical activity in adults : longitudinal findings from the iConnect study

Sahlqvist, Shannon, Goodman, Anna, Cooper, Ashley R. and Ogilvie, David 2013, Change in active travel and changes in recreational and total physical activity in adults : longitudinal findings from the iConnect study, International journal of behavioural nutrition and physical activity, vol. 10, no. 28, Article 28, pp. 1-10.

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Title Change in active travel and changes in recreational and total physical activity in adults : longitudinal findings from the iConnect study
Author(s) Sahlqvist, Shannon
Goodman, Anna
Cooper, Ashley R.
Ogilvie, David
Journal name International journal of behavioural nutrition and physical activity
Volume number 10
Issue number 28
Season Article 28
Start page 1
End page 10
Total pages 10
Publisher BioMed Central
Place of publication London, England
Publication date 2013-02
ISSN 1479-5868
Keyword(s) active travel
physical activity
walking
cycling
longitudinal
Summary Background : To better understand the health benefits of promoting active travel, it is important to understand the relationship between a change in active travel and changes in recreational and total physical activity.

Methods : These analyses, carried out in April 2012, use longitudinal data from 1628 adult respondents (mean age 54 years; 47% male) in the UK-based iConnect study. Travel and recreational physical activity were measured using detailed seven-day recall instruments. Adjusted linear regression models were fitted with change in active travel defined as ‘decreased’ (<−15 min/week), ‘maintained’ (±15 min/week) or ‘increased’ (>15 min/week) as the primary exposure variable and changes in (a) recreational and (b) total physical activity (min/week) as the primary outcome variables.

Results : Active travel increased in 32% (n=529), was maintained in 33% (n=534) and decreased in 35% (n=565) of respondents. Recreational physical activity decreased in all groups but this decrease was not greater in those whose active travel increased. Conversely, changes in active travel were associated with commensurate changes in total physical activity. Compared with those whose active travel remained unchanged, total physical activity decreased by 176.9 min/week in those whose active travel had decreased (adjusted regression coefficient −154.9, 95% CI −195.3 to −114.5) and was 112.2 min/week greater among those whose active travel had increased (adjusted regression coefficient 135.1, 95% CI 94.3 to 175.9).

Conclusion :
An increase in active travel was associated with a commensurate increase in total physical activity and not a decrease in recreational physical activity.
Notes Reproduced with the kind permission of the copyright owner.
Language eng
Field of Research 119999 Medical and Health Sciences not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2013, BioMed Central
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30052736

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences
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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.