Learning from the experts : exploring playground experience and activities using a write and draw technique

Knowles, Zoe Rebecca, Parnell, Daniel, Stratton, Gareth and Ridgers, Nicola Diane 2013, Learning from the experts : exploring playground experience and activities using a write and draw technique, Journal of physical activity and health, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 406-415.

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Title Learning from the experts : exploring playground experience and activities using a write and draw technique
Author(s) Knowles, Zoe Rebecca
Parnell, Daniel
Stratton, Gareth
Ridgers, Nicola Diane
Journal name Journal of physical activity and health
Volume number 10
Issue number 3
Start page 406
End page 415
Publisher Human Kinetics
Place of publication Champaign, Ill.
Publication date 2013-03
ISSN 1543-3080
1543-5474
Keyword(s) qualitative methods
games
play
children
school
Summary Background: Qualitative research into the effect of school recess on children’s physical activity is currently limited. This study used a write and draw technique to explore children’s perceptions of physical activity opportunities during recess.

Methods: 299 children age 7–11 years from 3 primary schools were enlisted. Children were grouped into Years 3 & 4 and Years 5 & 6 and completed a write and draw task focusing on likes and dislikes. Pen profiles were used to analyze the data.

Results:
Results indicated ‘likes’ focused on play, positive social interaction, and games across both age groups but showed an increasing dominance of games with an appreciation for being outdoors with age. ‘Dislikes’ focused on dysfunctional interactions linked with bullying, membership, equipment, and conflict for playground space. Football was a dominant feature across both age groups and ‘likes/dislikes’ that caused conflict and dominated the physically active games undertaken.

Conclusion:
Recess was important for the development of conflict management and social skills and contributed to physical activity engagement. The findings contradict suggestions that time spent in recess should be reduced because of behavioral issues.
Language eng
Field of Research 110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 920401 Behaviour and Health
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30052791

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences
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