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Cost-effectiveness of fiscal policies to prevent obesity

Moodie, Marj, Sheppard, Lauren, Sacks, Gary, Keating, Catherine and Flego, Anna 2013, Cost-effectiveness of fiscal policies to prevent obesity, Current obesity reports, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 211-224, doi: 10.1007/s13679-013-0062-y.

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Title Cost-effectiveness of fiscal policies to prevent obesity
Author(s) Moodie, Marj
Sheppard, Lauren
Sacks, GaryORCID iD for Sacks, Gary orcid.org/0000-0001-9736-1539
Keating, Catherine
Flego, Anna
Journal name Current obesity reports
Volume number 2
Issue number 3
Start page 211
End page 224
Total pages 14
Publisher Springer Healthcare
Place of publication Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Publication date 2013-09
ISSN 2162-4968
Keyword(s) obesity prevention
fiscal policies
taxes
subsidies
cost-effectiveness
economic evaluation
price elasticity
Summary Cost-effective, sustainable strategies are urgently required to curb the global obesity epidemic. To date, fiscal policies such as taxes and subsidies have been driven largely by imperatives to raise revenue or increase supply, rather than to change population behaviours. This paper reviews the economic evaluation literature around the use of fiscal policies to prevent obesity. The cost-effectiveness literature is limited, and more robust economic evaluation studies are required. However, uncertainty and gaps in the effectiveness evidence base need to be addressed first: more studies are needed that collect ‘real-world’ empirical data, and larger studies with more robust designs and longer follow-up timeframes are required. Reliability of cross-price elasticity data needs to be investigated, and greater consideration given to moderators of intervention effects and the sustainability of outcomes. Economic evaluations should adopt a societal perspective, incorporate a broader spectrum of economic costs and consider other factors likely to affect the implementation of fiscal measures. The paucity of recent cost-effectiveness studies means that definitive conclusions about the value for money of fiscal policies for obesity prevention cannot yet be drawn. However, as in other public health areas such as alcohol and tobacco, early indications are that population-level fiscal policies are likely to be potentially effective and cost-saving.
Language eng
DOI 10.1007/s13679-013-0062-y
Field of Research 140208 Health Economics
Socio Economic Objective 920401 Behaviour and Health
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2013, Springer
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30053510

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Population Health
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Created: Tue, 09 Jul 2013, 15:45:47 EST by Jane Moschetti

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