Multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) were dispersed in an aqueous solution of epichlohydrin based resin with the aid of a surfactant. The MWCNT-resin solutions were applied onto cotton fabrics to form a thin coating with different MWCNT contents (0, 11.1, 20.0, 33.3, and 50%). The thermal conductivity of the fabrics was measured based on the Newton’s law of cooling. The coating containing 50% MWCNTs showed 151% increase in the thermal conductivity. Infrared thermography was used to characterize the heating/cooling behavior of the fabrics. On contact with a 50°C hot surface, coated fabric that had 50% MWCNTs in the coating layer showed a 3.9°C lower equilibrium surface temperature than the untreated fabric. The cooling rate increased with increasing the MWCNT content within the coating layer. Such an effective cooling performance was attributed to the increased thermal conductivity and surface emissivity of the MWCNT-containing coating layer. The coating showed little influence on water contact angle of the coated fabrics, but slightly decreased the air permeability.
Field of Research
091205 Functional Materials 091209 Polymers and Plastics