Does practice make perfect? Results from a Chinese feasibility study of cognitive remediation in schizophrenia
Byrne, Linda K., Peng, Daihui, McCabe, Marita, Mellor, David, Zhang, Jie, Zhang, Tianhong, Huang, Jia and Xu, Yifeng 2013, Does practice make perfect? Results from a Chinese feasibility study of cognitive remediation in schizophrenia, Neuropsychological rehabilitation, vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 580-596.
Patients with schizophrenia often receive little by way of non-pharmacological interventions. Despite this, promising outcomes in programmes targeting cognitive deficits have been reported, suggesting that this is an area worthy of further investigation. The aim of the study was to implement and evaluate a brief computerised cognitive remediation programme designed to improve memory and attention in a male Chinese sample with chronic schizophrenia. Pre-testing was completed on a number of clinical and cognitive measures for intervention (n = 14) and treatment as usual (n = 17) participants. The intervention group then completed six weeks ( x no. of sessions = 12.78) of the computer-based cognitive remediation programme. Post-test measures for both groups were then collected again. Following the six week intervention, we found, contrary to our expectations, the intervention group improved on several of the clinical variables. The intervention group also performed better than the control group on the post-test measure of attention, but not verbal memory. These findings suggest that it is feasible to improve some aspects of cognitive abilities with a simple computerised training programme for people with serious mental illness.
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