Musculoskeletal deterioration in men accompanies increases in body fat

Pasco, Julie A, Gould, Haslinda, Brennan, Sharon L, Nicholson, Geoff C and Kotowicz, Mark A 2014, Musculoskeletal deterioration in men accompanies increases in body fat, Obesity: a research journal, vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 863-867, doi: 10.1002/oby.20496.

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Title Musculoskeletal deterioration in men accompanies increases in body fat
Author(s) Pasco, Julie AORCID iD for Pasco, Julie A
Gould, Haslinda
Brennan, Sharon L
Nicholson, Geoff C
Kotowicz, Mark AORCID iD for Kotowicz, Mark A
Journal name Obesity: a research journal
Volume number 22
Issue number 3
Start page 863
End page 867
Total pages 5
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
Place of publication Malden, Mass.
Publication date 2014-03
ISSN 1930-7381
Keyword(s) musculoskeletal changes
body composition
bone fragility
sarcopenic obesity
Summary Objective
To examine body fat and musculoskeletal changes in men over 5 years.


Body composition was evaluated for men in the Geelong Osteoporosis Study using whole body dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) during two time-periods. DXA was performed for 1329 men (25-96 years) during 2001-2006 and for 900 men (25-98 years), 2006-2011. The masses of fat, lean, and bone were expressed relative to the square of height (kg/m2). Each compartment was also expressed as a percentage relative to body weight (%fat, %lean, %bone).


Mean BMI increased from 26.9 kg/m2 in 2001-2006, to 27.2 kg/m2 in 2006-2011 (P = 0.04). Mean fat mass increased by 9.0% from 6.98 kg/m2 (95%CI 6.84-7.11) in 2001-2006, to 7.60 kg/m2 (7.44-7.77) in 2006-2011 (P < 0.001); mean lean mass decreased by 0.9%, from 18.92 kg/m2 (18.83-19.01) to 18.75 kg/m2 (18.64-18.86) (P = 0.02), and mean bone mass decreased 1.6% from 1.041 kg/m2 (1.034-1.047), to 1.024 kg/m2 (1.016-1.032). Mean %fat increased from 23.4% to 25.2%, mean %lean decreased from 72.6% to 70.9% and mean %bone decreased from 4.0% to 3.9% (all P < 0.05).


An increase in BMI, which reflects a substantial increase in body fat mass and declines in both lean and bone mass was reported. This may have implications for future development of bone fragility, sarcopenia, and sarcopenic obesity.
Language eng
DOI 10.1002/oby.20496
Field of Research 111706 Epidemiology
Socio Economic Objective 920116 Skeletal System and Disorders (incl. Arthritis)
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2014, Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
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Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Medicine
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