TOBY : Early intervention in autism through technology

Venkatesh, Svetha, Phung, Dinh, Duong, Thi, Greenhill, Stewart and Adams, Brett 2013, TOBY : Early intervention in autism through technology, in CHI 2013 : Changing perspectives : Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, Association for Computing Machinery, New York, N.Y., pp. 3187-3196, doi: 10.1145/2470654.2466437.

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Title TOBY : Early intervention in autism through technology
Author(s) Venkatesh, SvethaORCID iD for Venkatesh, Svetha
Phung, DinhORCID iD for Phung, Dinh
Duong, Thi
Greenhill, Stewart
Adams, Brett
Conference name Human Factors in Computing Systems. Conference (31st : 2013 : Paris, France)
Conference location Paris, France
Conference dates 27 Apr.-02 May. 2013
Title of proceedings CHI 2013 : Changing perspectives : Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems
Editor(s) Bodker, Susanne
Brewster, Steven
Baudisch, Patrick
Beaudouin-Lafon, Michel
Mackay, Wendy E.
Publication date 2013
Conference series Human Factors in Computing Systems Conference
Start page 3187
End page 3196
Total pages 10
Publisher Association for Computing Machinery
Place of publication New York, N.Y.
Keyword(s) autism
early intervention
Summary We describe TOBY Playpad, an early intervention program for children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). TOBY teaches the teacher - the parent - during the crucial period following diagnosis, which often coincides with no access to formal therapy. We reflect on TOBY's evolution from tabletop aid for flashcards to an iPad app covering a syllabus of 326 activities across 51 skills known to be deficient for ASD children, such imitation, joint attention and language. The design challenges unique to TOBY are the need to adapt to marked differences in each child's skills and rate of development (a trait of ASD) and teach parents unfamiliar concepts core to behavioural therapy, such as reinforcement, prompting, and fading. We report on three trials that successively decrease oversight and increase parental autonomy, and demonstrate clear evidence of learning. TOBY's uniquely intertwined Natural Environment Tasks are found to be effective for children and popular with parents. Copyright 2013 ACM.
ISBN 9781450318990
Language eng
DOI 10.1145/2470654.2466437
Field of Research 080109 Pattern Recognition and Data Mining
080602 Computer-Human Interaction
Socio Economic Objective 920410 Mental Health
HERDC Research category E1 Full written paper - refereed
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