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Temporal patterning of competitive emotions : a critical review

Cerin, Ester, Szabo, Attila, Hunt, Nigel and Williams, Clive 2000, Temporal patterning of competitive emotions : a critical review, Journal of sports sciences, vol. 18, no. 8, pp. 605-626, doi: 10.1080/02640410050082314.

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Title Temporal patterning of competitive emotions : a critical review
Author(s) Cerin, Ester
Szabo, Attila
Hunt, Nigel
Williams, Clive
Journal name Journal of sports sciences
Volume number 18
Issue number 8
Start page 605
End page 626
Total pages 22
Publisher Taylor & Francis
Place of publication London, England
Publication date 2000
ISSN 0264-0414
Keyword(s) affect
differential emotions theory
individual zones of optimal functioning model
Summary An interactional model of stress that integrates current research on competitive affects and emphasizes the temporal dimensions of the stress process is forwarded. The literature reveals that the study of athletes' affective responses to competition has been narrowly focused on pre-competitive anxiety. Equivocal findings on temporal patterning of competitive anxiety suggest that a fundamental change in the empirical approach is needed because the current conceptualization of anxiety and other complex emotions is imprecise. The analysis of secondary emotions as patterns of discrete basic emotions, as suggested by differential emotions theorists, is proposed for consideration in future research. In this view, competitive anxiety is considered as a set of patterns of emotions rather than a unitary affect. The adoption of this approach could result in better operationalization of competitive anxiety as well as other secondary performance-related emotions. We propose that research on competitive affects should follow two parallel lines. The first should focus on the description of complex emotional states that reflect the idiosyncratic emotional experience and vocabulary of the athlete. The second should examine the sets of basic emotions experienced throughout competition, and focus on individual differences and factors determining those differences. The integration of the two approaches could lead to a better understanding of whether, how and why individuals differ in the interpretation of specific secondary emotions and their effect on performance. Moreover, it would permit the analysis of intra-individual variations in labelling secondary emotions with respect to different competitive contexts and temporal aspects.
Language eng
DOI 10.1080/02640410050082314
Field of Research 119999 Medical and Health Sciences not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2000, Taylor & Francis
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Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences
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