A comparison of the psychological outcomes of cosmetic surgical procedures

Dowling, Nicki A., Jackson, Alun C. and Honigman, Roberta J. 2013, A comparison of the psychological outcomes of cosmetic surgical procedures, Plastic Surgery, Article ID 979486, pp. 1-9, doi: 10.5171/2013.979486.

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Title A comparison of the psychological outcomes of cosmetic surgical procedures
Author(s) Dowling, Nicki A.ORCID iD for Dowling, Nicki A. orcid.org/0000-0001-8592-2407
Jackson, Alun C.
Honigman, Roberta J.
Journal name Plastic Surgery
Season Article ID 979486
Start page 1
End page 9
Total pages 9
Publisher IBIMA Publishing
Place of publication Norristown, Pennsylvania
Publication date 2013
ISSN 2327-3550
Keyword(s) cosmetic surgery
plastic surgery
breast augmentation
Summary Studies of psychological outcomes of cosmetic surgery generally provide low standards of evidence due to significant methodological limitations and few studies have explored the outcomes of surgery types other than breast reduction or have compared post-operative outcomes for different surgery types. This study therefore aimed to explore the psychological outcomes and post-operative satisfaction of cosmetic surgery and compare the outcomes and satisfaction of participants undergoing different procedures.

Surveys were administered to a sample of 142 elective cosmetic surgery patients prior to surgery and six months after surgery. The surveys included standardised measures of body image (appearance evaluation, appearance orientation, body areas satisfaction), self-esteem, and mental health (psychiatric disturbance, anxiety, depression, dysmorphic concerns).

The findings revealed high rates of post-operative satisfaction and significant improvements in several dimensions of body image (appearance evaluation and body area satisfaction) and mental health (anxiety, depression, and dysmorphic concerns), but not self-esteem. Breast augmentation patients reported significantly higher improvement on appearance evaluation, significantly higher ratings of how likely they thought it was that they had achieved, or would achieve, what they were looking for in having the procedure, and a trend to report that the overall result of surgery was better than or as expected than rhinoplasty patients.

It is recommended that future research clarifies the degree to which self-esteem and indices of mental health improve after cosmetic surgery and fully establishes the impact of different procedures on psychological outcomes.
Language eng
DOI 10.5171/2013.979486
Field of Research 179999 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2013, IBIMA Publishing
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30056367

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Psychology
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