Physical activity, sedentary behavior, and postnatal depressive symptoms: a review

Teychenne, Megan and York, Rebecca 2013, Physical activity, sedentary behavior, and postnatal depressive symptoms: a review, American journal of preventive medicine, vol. 45, no. 2, pp. 217-227.

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Title Physical activity, sedentary behavior, and postnatal depressive symptoms: a review
Author(s) Teychenne, Megan
York, Rebecca
Journal name American journal of preventive medicine
Volume number 45
Issue number 2
Start page 217
End page 227
Total pages 11
Publisher Elsevier
Place of publication New York, NY
Publication date 2013
ISSN 0749-3797
1873-2607
Keyword(s) postnatal depression
leisure-time physical activity
Summary Context:
Postnatal depression is highly prevalent in mothers. Although physical activity has been found to reduce the risk of depression in the general population, little is known regarding its link with postnatal depression. This review examined original research investigating the relationship between physical activity and sedentary behavior dose (frequency, intensity, and duration) and domain, and postnatal depressive symptoms. 

Evidence acquisition:
A systematic search for original research investigating the relationship between physical activity and sedentary behavior dose and domain, and postnatal depressive symptoms, was performed using several electronic databases in early 2012. A total of ten observational and seven intervention studies were included. 

Evidence synthesis:
Most studies (one cross-sectional, two longitudinal, and six intervention studies) found an inverse association between postpartum leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) and postnatal depressive symptoms. One longitudinal study found that occupational physical activity was positively associated with postnatal depressive symptoms. There was inconclusive evidence to suggest an optimal dose of postpartum physical activity for reducing postnatal depressive symptoms. Two longitudinal studies found an inverse association between antenatal LTPA and presence of postnatal depressive symptoms. One of two studies that investigated sedentary behavior found a positive cross-sectional association between sedentary behavior and presence of postnatal depressive symptoms.

Conclusions:
Although studies are limited, on balance, LTPA prior to, during, and after pregnancy may be important for reducing the risk of postnatal depression. Further research is required to determine the optimal dose and domain of physical activity for reducing postnatal depressive symptoms as well as to examine the link between  sedentary behavior and postnatal depressive symptoms.
Language eng
Field of Research 110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 920401 Behaviour and Health
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
HERDC collection year 2013
Copyright notice ©2013, Elsevier
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30056556

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences
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