Constraints to park visitation: a meta-analysis of North American studies

Zanon, Dino, Doucouliagos, Chris, Hall, John and Lockstone-Binney, Leonie 2013, Constraints to park visitation: a meta-analysis of North American studies, Leisure sciences: an interdisciplinary journal, vol. 35, no. 5, pp. 475-493, doi: 10.1080/01490400.2013.831294.

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Title Constraints to park visitation: a meta-analysis of North American studies
Author(s) Zanon, Dino
Doucouliagos, ChrisORCID iD for Doucouliagos, Chris
Hall, John
Lockstone-Binney, Leonie
Journal name Leisure sciences: an interdisciplinary journal
Volume number 35
Issue number 5
Start page 475
End page 493
Total pages 19
Publisher Routledge Taylor & Francis Group
Place of publication Abingdon, England
Publication date 2013
ISSN 0149-0400
Keyword(s) barriers
Summary The constraints that curb visitation to parks have received considerable research attention and remain an important issue. Constraints to outdoor leisure in parks include structural barriers, such as cost of entry, interpersonal barriers, for example, lack of a partner to visit with, or intrapersonal barriers, including lack of interest. Using a meta-analysis approach, this article integrates the findings of 22 North American studies with 541 estimates, conducted over a 30-year period, to determine the key constraints to park visitation based on various socio-demographic factors. The findings highlight the varying roles that constraints play in limiting the visitation of people according to race, age, gender, education and income. Gaps in the literature are identified, with implications for encouraging visitation for more constrained groups discussed. An agenda for future research is presented.
Language eng
DOI 10.1080/01490400.2013.831294
Field of Research 150503 Marketing Management (incl Strategy and Customer Relations)
Socio Economic Objective 910403 Marketing
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
HERDC collection year 2013
Copyright notice ©2013, Taylor & Francis
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