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Reducing intoxication among bar patrons: some lessons from prevention of drinking and driving

Graham, Kathryn, Miller, Peter, Chikritzhs, Tanya, Bellis, Mark A, Clapp, John D, Hughes, Karen, Toomey, Traci L and Wells, Samantha 2014, Reducing intoxication among bar patrons: some lessons from prevention of drinking and driving, Addiction, vol. 109, no. 5, pp. 693-698, doi: 10.1111/add.12247.

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Title Reducing intoxication among bar patrons: some lessons from prevention of drinking and driving
Author(s) Graham, Kathryn
Miller, PeterORCID iD for Miller, Peter orcid.org/0000-0002-6896-5437
Chikritzhs, Tanya
Bellis, Mark A
Clapp, John D
Hughes, Karen
Toomey, Traci L
Wells, Samantha
Journal name Addiction
Volume number 109
Issue number 5
Start page 693
End page 698
Total pages 6
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
Place of publication Oxford, England
Publication date 2014
ISSN 0965-2140
1360-0443
Keyword(s) Enforcement
Intoxication
Licensed premises
Prevention
Responsible alcohol service
Summary Intoxication in and around licensed premises continues to be common, despite widespread training in the responsible service of alcohol and laws prohibiting service to intoxicated individuals. However, research suggests that training and the existence of laws are unlikely to have an impact on intoxication without enforcement, and evidence from a number of countries indicates that laws prohibiting service to intoxicated individuals are rarely enforced. Enforcement is currently hampered by the lack of a standardized validated measure for defining intoxication clearly, a systematic approach to enforcement and the political will to address intoxication. We argue that adoption of key principles from successful interventions to prevent driving while intoxicated could be used to develop a model of consistent and sustainable enforcement. These principles include: applying validated and widely accepted criteria for defining when a person is ‘intoxicated’; adopting a structure of enforceable consequences for violations; implementing procedures of unbiased enforcement; using publicity to ensure that there is a perceived high risk of being caught and punished; and developing the political will to support ongoing enforcement. Research can play a critical role in this process by: developing and validating criteria for defining intoxication based on observable behaviour; documenting the harms arising from intoxication, including risk curves associated with different levels of intoxication; estimating the policing, medical and social costs from intoxicated bar patrons; and conducting studies of the cost-effectiveness of different interventions to reduce intoxication.
Language eng
DOI 10.1111/add.12247
Field of Research 111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 920499 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2013, Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30057063

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Psychology
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Created: Tue, 22 Oct 2013, 08:57:08 EST by Peter Miller

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