Iron status and dietary iron intake of female blood donors

Booth, Alison O., Lim, Karen, Capper, Hugh, Irving, David, Fisher, Jenny, McNaughton, Sarah A, Riddell, Lynn, Keller, Anthony and Nowson, Caryl A. 2014, Iron status and dietary iron intake of female blood donors, Transfusion, vol. 54, no. 3 pt 2, pp. 770-774.

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Title Iron status and dietary iron intake of female blood donors
Author(s) Booth, Alison O.
Lim, Karen
Capper, Hugh
Irving, David
Fisher, Jenny
McNaughton, Sarah A
Riddell, Lynn
Keller, Anthony
Nowson, Caryl A.
Journal name Transfusion
Volume number 54
Issue number 3 pt 2
Start page 770
End page 774
Total pages 5
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
Place of publication Oxford, England
Publication date 2014
ISSN 0041-1132
1537-2995
Summary Background
The aim was to assess iron status and dietary iron intake in a sample of premenopausal female regular and new blood donors.

Study design and methods
Premenopausal women blood donors were invited to participate. Blood samples were analyzed for serum ferritin and hemoglobin. An iron checklist assessed dietary iron intake. Donors were classified as regular donors or new donors.

Results
Twenty-one new donors (mean [SD] age, 28.6 [6.0] years; body mass index [BMI], 25.6 [4.5] kg/m2) and 172 regular donors (mean age, 29.4 [5.5] years; BMI, 24.7 [3.8] kg/m2) participated. Fifty percent of regular donors and 24% of new donors had depleted iron stores (serum ferritin <15 mg/L; difference p = 0.036). Dietary iron intake was higher in regular donors (mean [SE], 12.6 [0.7] mg/day) compared to new donors (9.9 [0.4] mg/day; p = 0.006). Eighty-five percent of regular donors and 79% of new donors met the estimated average requirement for iron.

Conclusions
Despite the fact that most of these donors had an adequate dietary iron intake, more than half of the blood donors had depleted iron stores. Increasing dietary iron intake through supplements and/or dietary means is expected to be necessary to maintain adequate iron status in this group.
Language eng
Field of Research 111199 Nutrition and Dietetics not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 920411 Nutrition
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2013, Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30057079

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