Thirteen-year trends in child and adolescent fundamental movement skills: 1997-2010

Hardy, Louise L., Barnett, Lisa, Espinel, Paola and Okely, Anthony D. 2013, Thirteen-year trends in child and adolescent fundamental movement skills: 1997-2010, Medicine & science in sports & exercise, vol. 45, no. 10, pp. 1965-1970.

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Title Thirteen-year trends in child and adolescent fundamental movement skills: 1997-2010
Author(s) Hardy, Louise L.
Barnett, Lisa
Espinel, Paola
Okely, Anthony D.
Journal name Medicine & science in sports & exercise
Volume number 45
Issue number 10
Start page 1965
End page 1970
Total pages 6
Publisher Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Place of publication Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Publication date 2013-10
ISSN 0195-9131
1530-0315
Keyword(s) physical activity
policy
practice
schools
Summary
Purpose:
The objective of this study is to describe 13-yr trends in children's fundamental movement skill (FMS) competency.

Methods:
Secondary analysis of representative, cross-sectional, Australian school-based surveys was conducted in 1997, 2004, and 2010 (n = 13,752 children age 9-15 yr). Five FMS (sprint run, vertical jump, catch, kick, and overarm throw) were assessed using process-oriented criteria at each survey and children's skills classified as competent or not competent. Covariates included sex, age, cardiorespiratory endurance (20-m shuttle run test), body mass index (kg·m), and socioeconomic status (residential postcode).

Results:
At each survey, the children's FMS competency was low, with prevalence rarely above 50%. Between 1997 and 2004, there were significant increases in all students' competency in the sprint run, vertical jump, and catch. For boys, competency increased in the kick (primary) and the overarm throw (high school), but among high school girls, overarm throw competency decreased. Between 2004 and 2010, competency increased in the catch (all students), and in all girls, competency increased in the kick, whereas competency in the vertical jump decreased.

Conclusions:
Overall, students' FMS competency was low especially in the kick and overarm throw in girls. The observed increase in FMS competency in 2004 was attributed to changes in practice and policy to support the teaching of FMS in schools. In 2010, competency remained low, with improvements in only the catch (all) and kick (girls) and declines in vertical jump. Potentially, the current delivery of FMS programs requires stronger positioning within the school curriculum. Strategies to improve children's physical activity should consider ensuring children are taught FMS to competency level, to enjoy being physically active.
Language eng
Field of Research 119999 Medical and Health Sciences not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2013, Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30057512

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Health and Social Development
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