Knowledge, attitudes and practices of clinicians in promoting physical activity to prostate cancer survivors

Spellman, Claire, Craike, Melinda and Livingston, Patricia M. 2014, Knowledge, attitudes and practices of clinicians in promoting physical activity to prostate cancer survivors, Health education journal, vol. 73, no. 5, pp. 566-575, doi: 10.1177/0017896913508395.

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Title Knowledge, attitudes and practices of clinicians in promoting physical activity to prostate cancer survivors
Author(s) Spellman, Claire
Craike, Melinda
Livingston, Patricia M.ORCID iD for Livingston, Patricia M. orcid.org/0000-0001-6616-3839
Journal name Health education journal
Volume number 73
Issue number 5
Start page 566
End page 575
Total pages 10
Publisher SAGE Publications
Place of publication London, England
Publication date 2014-09
ISSN 0017-8969
1748-8176
Keyword(s) clinicians
prostate cancer
physical activity
exercise
health care
Summary Objectives: 
This study examined the knowledge, attitudes and practices of clinicians in promoting physical activity to prostate cancer survivors.

Design:
A purposeful sample was used and cross-sectional data were collected using an anonymous, self-reported online questionnaire or an identical paper-based questionnaire.

Settings:
Health services and online questionnaire.

Methods:
Clinicians were invited to complete the questionnaire which measured their knowledge, attitudes and practices relating to physical activity for their patients.

Results:
Thirty-one clinicians completed a questionnaire. Most participants were men (71%), aged 30–40 years (45.2%), and radiation oncologists (35.5%). Although clinicians recognized the benefits of physical activity for their patients, few always gave advice about physical activity. Advice was verbal in nature, very few provided written material and none referred patients to an exercise specialist. Older age, a belief that physical activity reduces side effects of treatment, higher confidence and disagreement that physical activity has risks were associated with higher frequency of providing physical activity advice. Over half of the clinicians (55%) reported that advising patients on physical activity was not part of their role.

Conclusions:
This study provides preliminary evidence that physical activity advice may not be provided routinely to prostate cancer survivors. It is important for future research to address the involvement of clinicians in physical activity promotion so that holistic care is provided.
Language eng
DOI 10.1177/0017896913508395
Field of Research 111712 Health Promotion
Socio Economic Objective 920205 Health Education and Promotion
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2014, SAGE publications
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30057947

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