Samples historically collected and analysed by the Continuous Plankton Recorder survey in the North Atlantic and adjacent seas were used to examine temporal patterns in the near-surface abundance of copepodite stages V and VI Calanus hyperboreus (n = a total of 32836 samples; mean latitude of samples = 54* N, SD = 6.7*). The occurrence of CV and VI C. hyperboreus was largely restricted to samples collected in April, May and June. During this period there was a diel cycle in near-surface abundance which was consistent with a normal pattern of diel vertical migration. For example, CV-VI C. hyperboreus were 1.9 times more abundant at night than during the day, a difference which was highly significant (t-test, t5072 = 3.9, p < 0.001). The ratio of night:day abundance was similar in CV-VI C. finmarchicus (night:day abundance = 1.4), but markedly higher in CV-VI Metridia lucens (night:day abundance = 12.3) and CV-VI M. longa (night:day abundance = 15.0).
Field of Research
069999 Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective
970106 Expanding Knowledge in the Biological Sciences
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