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Convergent evolution in locomotory patterns of flying and swimming animals

Gleiss, Adrian C., Jorgensen, Salvador J., Liebsch, Nikolai, Sala, Juan E., Norman, Brad, Hays, Graeme C., Quintana, Flavio, Grundy, Edward, Campagna, Claudio, Trites, Andrew W., Block, Barbara A. and Wilson, Rory P. 2011, Convergent evolution in locomotory patterns of flying and swimming animals, Nature communications, vol. 2, no. 352, pp. 1-7, doi: 10.1038/ncomms1350.

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Title Convergent evolution in locomotory patterns of flying and swimming animals
Author(s) Gleiss, Adrian C.
Jorgensen, Salvador J.
Liebsch, Nikolai
Sala, Juan E.
Norman, Brad
Hays, Graeme C.ORCID iD for Hays, Graeme C. orcid.org/0000-0002-3314-8189
Quintana, Flavio
Grundy, Edward
Campagna, Claudio
Trites, Andrew W.
Block, Barbara A.
Wilson, Rory P.
Journal name Nature communications
Volume number 2
Issue number 352
Start page 1
End page 7
Total pages 7
Publisher Nature Publishing Group
Place of publication London, England
Publication date 2011-06-14
ISSN 2041-1723
Keyword(s) biological sciences
ecology
evolution
zoology
Summary Locomotion is one of the major energetic costs faced by animals and various strategies have evolved to reduce its cost. Birds use interspersed periods of flapping and gliding to reduce the mechanical requirements of level flight while undergoing cyclical changes in flight altitude, known as undulating flight. Here we equipped free-ranging marine vertebrates with accelerometers and demonstrate that gait patterns resembling undulating flight occur in four marine vertebrate species comprising sharks and pinnipeds. Both sharks and pinnipeds display intermittent gliding interspersed with powered locomotion. We suggest, that the convergent use of similar gait patterns by distinct groups of animals points to universal physical and physiological principles that operate beyond taxonomic limits and shape common solutions to increase energetic efficiency. Energetically expensive large-scale migrations performed by many vertebrates provide common selection pressure for efficient locomotion, with potential for the convergence of locomotory strategies by a wide variety of species.
Language eng
DOI 10.1038/ncomms1350
Field of Research 069999 Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 970106 Expanding Knowledge in the Biological Sciences
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2011, Nature Publishing Group
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30058289

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