The biology and ecology of the ocean sunfish Mola mola : a review of current knowledge and future research perspectives

Pope, Edward C., Hays, Graeme C., Thys, Tierney M., Doyle, Thomas K., Sims, David W., Queiroz, Nuno, Hobson, Victoria J., Kubicek, Lukas and Houghton, Jonathan D. 2010, The biology and ecology of the ocean sunfish Mola mola : a review of current knowledge and future research perspectives, Reviews in fish biology and fisheries, vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 471-487, doi: 10.1007/s11160-009-9155-9.

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Title The biology and ecology of the ocean sunfish Mola mola : a review of current knowledge and future research perspectives
Author(s) Pope, Edward C.
Hays, Graeme C.ORCID iD for Hays, Graeme C.
Thys, Tierney M.
Doyle, Thomas K.
Sims, David W.
Queiroz, Nuno
Hobson, Victoria J.
Kubicek, Lukas
Houghton, Jonathan D.
Journal name Reviews in fish biology and fisheries
Volume number 20
Issue number 4
Start page 471
End page 487
Total pages 17
Publisher Springer
Place of publication Berlin, Germany
Publication date 2010-12
ISSN 0960-3166
Keyword(s) teleost
foraging ecology
Summary Relatively little is known about the biology and ecology of the world’s largest (heaviest) bony fish, the ocean sunfish Mola mola, despite its worldwide occurrence in temperate and tropical seas. Studies are now emerging that require many common perceptions about sunfish behaviour and ecology to be re-examined. Indeed, the long-held view that ocean sunfish are an inactive, passively drifting species seems to be entirely misplaced. Technological advances in marine telemetry are revealing distinct behavioural patterns and protracted seasonal movements. Extensive forays by ocean sunfish into the deep ocean have been documented and broad-scale surveys, together with molecular and laboratory based techniques, are addressing the connectivity and trophic role of these animals. These emerging molecular and movement studies suggest that local distinct populations may be prone to depletion through bycatch in commercial fisheries. Rising interest in ocean sunfish, highlighted by the increase in recent publications, warrants a thorough review of the biology and ecology of this species. Here we review the taxonomy, morphology, geography, diet, locomotion, vision, movements, foraging ecology, reproduction and species interactions of M. mola. We present a summary of current conservation issues and suggest methods for addressing fundamental gaps in our knowledge.
Language eng
DOI 10.1007/s11160-009-9155-9
Field of Research 069999 Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 970106 Expanding Knowledge in the Biological Sciences
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2010, Springer
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