The correlates of preschoolers' compliance with screen recommendations exist across multiple domains

Hinkley, Trina, Salmon, Jo, Okely, Anthony D. and Crawford, David 2013, The correlates of preschoolers' compliance with screen recommendations exist across multiple domains, Preventive medicine, vol. 57, no. 3, pp. 212-219.

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Title The correlates of preschoolers' compliance with screen recommendations exist across multiple domains
Author(s) Hinkley, Trina
Salmon, Jo
Okely, Anthony D.
Crawford, David
Journal name Preventive medicine
Volume number 57
Issue number 3
Start page 212
End page 219
Total pages 8
Publisher Academic Press
Place of publication San Diego, California
Publication date 2013-09
ISSN 0091-7435
1096-0260
Keyword(s) television
child
preschool
guidelines
Australia
behavior
leisure activities
video games
Summary Objective:
To investigate the individual, social and physical environment correlates of preschool children's compliance with Australian/Canadian and American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) screen recommendations.

Method:
An Ecological Model (EM) was used to identify constructs potentially associated with children's screen time. In 2008–2009, parents in Melbourne, Australia, reported their child's screen time and on a range of potential correlates. Children (n = 935; 54% boys, mean age 4.54 ± 0.70 years) were assessed as meeting or not meeting each of the screen recommendations. Logistic regression assessed bivariable and multivariable associations.

Results:
In total, 15 explanatory variables, across the three domains of the EM were associated with boys' and/or girls' compliance with either Australian/Canadian or AAP recommendations. Correlates varied by sex and recommendation. Maternal television viewing time was the only consistent correlate for both boys' and girls' compliance with both recommendations. No demographic groups were identified as being less likely to comply with screen recommendations.

Conclusion:
Public health programs should take account of the sex-specific nature of correlates of preschool children's screen time. Preschool children across all demographic groups need support to engage in less screen use. Parents may benefit from education and parenting skills to minimize potentially harmful effects of excessive screen time for their child.
Language eng
Field of Research 110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 920501 Child Health
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2013, Elsevier
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30058460

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences
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