Who uses new walking and cycling infrastructure and how? Longitudinal results from the UK iConnect study

Goodman, Anna, Sahlqvist, Shannon and Ogilvie, David 2013, Who uses new walking and cycling infrastructure and how? Longitudinal results from the UK iConnect study, Preventive medicine, vol. 57, no. 5, pp. 518-524.

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Title Who uses new walking and cycling infrastructure and how? Longitudinal results from the UK iConnect study
Author(s) Goodman, Anna
Sahlqvist, Shannon
Ogilvie, David
Journal name Preventive medicine
Volume number 57
Issue number 5
Start page 518
End page 524
Total pages 7
Publisher Academic Press
Place of publication San Diego, California
Publication date 2013
ISSN 0091-7435
1096-0260
Keyword(s) walking
cycling
built environment
inftrastructure
Summary Objective
To examine how adults use new local walking and cycling routes, and what characteristics predict use.

Methods
1849 adults completed questionnaires in 2010 and 2011, before and after the construction of walking and cycling infrastructure in three UK municipalities. 1510 adults completed questionnaires in 2010 and 2012. The 2010 questionnaire measured baseline characteristics; the follow-up questionnaires captured infrastructure use.

Results
32% of participants reported using the new infrastructure in 2011, and 38% in 2012. Walking for recreation was by far the most common use. In both follow-up waves, use was independently predicted by higher baseline walking and cycling (e.g. 2012 adjusted rate ratio 2.09 (95% CI 1.55, 2.81) for > 450 min/week vs. none). Moreover, there was strong specificity by mode and purpose, e.g. baseline walking for recreation specifically predicted walking for recreation on the infrastructure. Other independent predictors included living near the infrastructure, better general health and higher education or income.

Conclusions
The new infrastructure was well-used by local adults, and this was sustained over two years. Thus far, however, the infrastructure may primarily have attracted existing walkers and cyclists, and may have catered more to the socio-economically advantaged. This may limit its impacts on population health and health equity.
Language eng
Field of Research 110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 920412 Preventive Medicine
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2013, Elsevier
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30058468

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences
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