Drivers display anger-congruent attention to potential traffic hazards

Stephens, Amanda N., Trawley, Steven L., Madigan, Ruth and Groeger, John A. 2013, Drivers display anger-congruent attention to potential traffic hazards, Applied cognitive psychology, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 178-189, doi: 10.1002/acp.2894.

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Title Drivers display anger-congruent attention to potential traffic hazards
Author(s) Stephens, Amanda N.
Trawley, Steven L.ORCID iD for Trawley, Steven L.
Madigan, Ruth
Groeger, John A.
Journal name Applied cognitive psychology
Volume number 27
Issue number 2
Start page 178
End page 189
Total pages 12
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell
Place of publication Chichester, England
Publication date 2013-03
ISSN 0888-4080
Keyword(s) angry drivers
potential driving hazards
estimated inherent risk
Summary Previous research has suggested that angry drivers may respond differently to potential hazards. This study replicates and extends these findings. Under simulated driving conditions, two groups of drivers experienced conditions that would either increase angry mood (N=12; men =6) or not (control group, N =12; men=6). All drivers then performed a neutral drive, during which they encountered a number of traffic events not experienced in the initial drive. These included vehicles emerging from driveways into their path and jaywalking pedestrians. Subjective anger, eye-movement behaviour and driving behaviours (speed and reaction times) were measured as drivers drove. Subjective moods (Profile of Mood States) were assessed before and after each drive. Anger-provoked drivers reported reliably higher increases in angry mood when compared with the control group after the initial drive, and these increases remained stable across the subsequent neutral drive. During the neutral drive, anger provoked drivers demonstrated evidence of more heuristic style processing of potential hazards, with shorter initial gazes at less apparent hazards and longer latencies to look back at jaywalking pedestrians obscured by parked vehicles. Anger-provoked drivers also took longer to make corrective actions to avoid potential collisions. It is concluded that anger-provoked drivers may initially make more superficial assessments of certain driving situations and consequently underestimate the inherent risk.
Language eng
DOI 10.1002/acp.2894
Field of Research 170199 Psychology not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2013, Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
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Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Psychology
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Created: Tue, 26 Nov 2013, 15:16:12 EST by Steven Trawley

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