A health promotion intervention can affect diet quality in early childhood

Spence, Alison C., McNaughton, Sarah A., Lioret, Sandrine, Hesketh, Kylie D., Crawford, David A. and Campbell, Karen J. 2013, A health promotion intervention can affect diet quality in early childhood, Journal of nutrition, vol. 143, no. 10, pp. 1672-1678, doi: 10.3945/jn.113.177931.

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Title A health promotion intervention can affect diet quality in early childhood
Author(s) Spence, Alison C.ORCID iD for Spence, Alison C. orcid.org/0000-0001-9029-1718
McNaughton, Sarah A.ORCID iD for McNaughton, Sarah A. orcid.org/0000-0001-5936-9820
Lioret, Sandrine
Hesketh, Kylie D.ORCID iD for Hesketh, Kylie D. orcid.org/0000-0002-2702-7110
Crawford, David A.ORCID iD for Crawford, David A. orcid.org/0000-0002-2467-7556
Campbell, Karen J.ORCID iD for Campbell, Karen J. orcid.org/0000-0002-4499-3396
Journal name Journal of nutrition
Volume number 143
Issue number 10
Start page 1672
End page 1678
Total pages 7
Publisher American Society for Nutrition
Place of publication Bethesda, Maryland
Publication date 2013-10
ISSN 1541-6100
Keyword(s) diet quality
diet standards
health promotion intervention
early childhood
obesity prevention and control
food habits
Summary Initiatives to promote children’s nutrition and prevent childhood obesity are vital. Dietary patterns are a useful way to characterize whole diets, though no previous early childhood health promotion trial has assessed intervention impact using this approach. This research aimed to assess the effect on young children’s dietary patterns of a healthy eating and physical activity intervention. The Melbourne Infant Feeding Activity and Nutrition Trial (InFANT) Program was a health promotion cluster-randomized controlled trial involving 542 families. Child diets were assessed by multiple 24-hour recalls post-intervention, at approximately 18 months of age. An Obesity Protective Dietary Index was created, and dietary patterns were also assessed by principal components analysis. These outcomes were used to compare intervention and control participants to test the effectiveness of the intervention. Children in the intervention arm scored significantly higher (15.6 ± 5.9) than those in the control arm (14.5 ± 6.7) for the Obesity Protective Dietary Index (scores out of 30, p=0.01). Three dietary patterns were identified by principal components analysis, however, scores were not significantly different between intervention and control arms. In conclusion, this paper presents novel results in both the evaluation of an early childhood health promotion intervention and in the assessment of child dietary patterns. The results highlight the capacity for such an initiative to improve child diets, and the need for further research in this area.
Language eng
DOI 10.3945/jn.113.177931
Field of Research 111104 Public Nutrition Intervention
Socio Economic Objective 920411 Nutrition
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2013, American Society for Nutrition
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30058690

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Created: Fri, 29 Nov 2013, 15:38:48 EST by Alison Spence

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