The Aristotelian spoudaios as ethical exemplar in Finnis’s natural law theory

Duke, George 2013, The Aristotelian spoudaios as ethical exemplar in Finnis’s natural law theory, American journal of jurisprudence, vol. 58, no. 2, pp. 183-204, doi: 10.1093/ajj/aut010.

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Title The Aristotelian spoudaios as ethical exemplar in Finnis’s natural law theory
Author(s) Duke, GeorgeORCID iD for Duke, George
Journal name American journal of jurisprudence
Volume number 58
Issue number 2
Start page 183
End page 204
Total pages 22
Publisher University of Notre Dame
Place of publication Notre Dame, Indiana
Publication date 2013-12-01
ISSN 0065-8995
Keyword(s) John Finnis
practical reason
Summary One provocative but frequently overlooked feature of John Finnis’s natural law theory is its appeal to the normative role of the Aristotelian spoudaios (the mature person of practical reasonableness). Finnis’s account of the basic requirements of practical reasonableness and defense of the methodological device of “focal meaning” both have recourse to Aristotle’s claim that, in ethics and politics, things should be judged in terms of how they appear to the mature practically reasonable person. The current paper examines the normative role played by the spoudaios within Finnis’s natural law theory and provides a defense of that role against the objection that it lacks justificatory force because it is dependent upon circular reasoning. Section one contextualizes Finnis’s use of the spoudaios by considering its Aristotelian origins and also sketches some reasons for its demise in subsequent moral theory. This serves as the basis for an assessment in section two of whether Finnis’s employment of the spoudaios as an ethical exemplar conflates explanation and justification, and therefore culminates in decisionism. The conclusion of the paper is that Finnis’s recourse to the spoudaios is not viciously circular, because it is grounded in the reflexive and dialogical mode of justification proper to ethical enquiry.
Language eng
DOI 10.1093/ajj/aut010
Field of Research 220204 History and Philosophy of Law and Justice
180122 Legal Theory, Jurisprudence and Legal Interpretation
Socio Economic Objective 970122 Expanding Knowledge in Philosophy and Religious Studies
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2013, Notre Dame
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Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Humanities and Social Sciences
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Created: Wed, 04 Dec 2013, 07:07:50 EST by George Duke

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