The establishment of iron ore giants: Hamersley Iron and the Mount Newman Mining Company, 1961-1969

Lee, David 2013, The establishment of iron ore giants: Hamersley Iron and the Mount Newman Mining Company, 1961-1969, Journal of Australasian mining history, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 61-77.

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Title The establishment of iron ore giants: Hamersley Iron and the Mount Newman Mining Company, 1961-1969
Author(s) Lee, David
Journal name Journal of Australasian mining history
Volume number 11
Issue number 1
Start page 61
End page 77
Total pages 17
Publisher Australasian Mining History Association
Place of publication Perth, W. A.
Publication date 2013-10
ISSN 1448-4471
Keyword(s) history
mining
Notes Between 1938 and 1960 the Australian Government prohibited export of iron ore because of its belief that Australia's limited accessible reserves of iron ore had to be preserved for the Broken Hill Proprietary Company (BHP) and the Australian steel industry. After the Commonwealth hesitantly relaxed the embargo in November 1960 to encourage exploration, independent Australian prospectors Lang Hancock and Stan Hilditch revealed that they had already discovered huge deposits of iron ore in the Pilbara in Western Australia. This article explores the development of companies to mine these deposits during a period when the Australian Government, although lifting the iron embargo, attempted to regulate the prices that the companies negotiated with their buyers. The success of the two largest iron ore companies, Hamersley Iron and the Mount Newman Company, was based on their signing longterm contracts with the Japanese steel industry, which permitted them to obtain the considerable foreign capital needed to finance the infrastructure for mines located hundreds of kilometres from the coast. While that was the case and while Hancock and Hilditch were forced to approach overseas miners to initiate the development of mining companies, Australian management of both operations was also an essential part of the success of both ventures.
Language eng
Field of Research 219999 History and Archaeology not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 970121 Expanding Knowledge in History and Archaeology
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30058790

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Alfred Deakin Research Institute
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