Does diet-induced weight change effect anxiety in overweight and obese adults?

Eyres, Stacey L., Turner, Anne I., Nowson, Caryl A. and Torres, Susan J. 2014, Does diet-induced weight change effect anxiety in overweight and obese adults?, Nutrition, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 10-15, doi: 10.1016/j.nut.2013.05.028.

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Title Does diet-induced weight change effect anxiety in overweight and obese adults?
Author(s) Eyres, Stacey L.
Turner, Anne I.ORCID iD for Turner, Anne I. orcid.org/0000-0002-0682-2860
Nowson, Caryl A.ORCID iD for Nowson, Caryl A. orcid.org/0000-0001-6586-7965
Torres, Susan J.ORCID iD for Torres, Susan J. orcid.org/0000-0002-2599-1934
Journal name Nutrition
Volume number 30
Issue number 1
Start page 10
End page 15
Total pages 6
Publisher Elsevier
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publication date 2014-01
ISSN 0899-9007
1873-1244
Keyword(s) weight loss
diet
anxiety
dietary composition
fat
Summary  Anxiety is the most prevalent type of mental disorder and a significant health concern. Crosssectional
studies have detected a positive association between obesity and anxiety. What is less
clear is whether weight loss can reduce anxiety. We sought to answer three questions:
1. Can weight loss improve symptoms of anxiety in the overweight and obese population?
2. Does the macronutrient content of energy-restricted diets that induce weight loss affect
anxiety?
3. Is the change in anxiety related to the amount of weight lost?
We investigated the findings from seven interventional studies, which induced weight loss by
dietary intervention, in overweight and obese individuals, using established anxiety assessment
tools. Mean weight loss ranged from 0.7 to 18.6 kg (SD 4.5) and in three of the studies, anxiety fell
by 9.2% to 11.4% and did not change in four studies. When macronutrient content was considered,
only one of four interventional studies and one pilot study reported a beneficial effect of a
moderate-fat diet on anxiety. There appears to be no strong evidence to indicate that diet-induced
weight loss has a beneficial effect on anxiety, however, none of the diet-induced weight loss
studies assessed had a detrimental effect on anxiety.
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/j.nut.2013.05.028
Field of Research 111199 Nutrition and Dietetics not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 920199 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30058795

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences
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Created: Mon, 09 Dec 2013, 09:30:46 EST by Susan Torres

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