The effects of ultrasonic wave on tapping surface of ‘PR107’ rubber tree were studied. Daily production and cumulative production of latex were measured to estimate the effects of ultrasonic wave on latex production. The solid substance content, dry rubber content and mechanical stability of latex were determined to study the effects of ultrasonic wave on latex quality. Results showed that ultrasonic wave could increase both daily and cumulative production of latex and maintain latex basic quality. The daily production of latex was increased and appeared two peaks both in the ultrasound-treated rubber tree and the one with no treatment. The first peak appeared on the fifth day, and the latex production by ultrasound was 212.34 ml and the control was 141.75 ml The second peak appeared with the production 266.59 ml on the seventeenth day by ultrasound, while the control appeared on the thirteenth day with production of 193.5 ml. The latex cumulative production of ultrasound-treated trees was 209.56 ml higher than that of control in one month. There was little change in solid substance content and dry rubber content between different ultrasonic time. The best mechanical stability of latex was obtained by ultrasound-treating the rubber tree for 4-6 min. it was proved that the ultrasound was helpful in improving the latex production and quality. The application of ultrasonic wave on rubber tree is novel, and its mechanism is worth further research.
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