Reluctant relaxation: The end of the iron ore export embargo and the origins of Australia's mining boom, 1960-1966

Lee, David 2013, Reluctant relaxation: The end of the iron ore export embargo and the origins of Australia's mining boom, 1960-1966, History Australia, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 149-170.

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Title Reluctant relaxation: The end of the iron ore export embargo and the origins of Australia's mining boom, 1960-1966
Author(s) Lee, David
Journal name History Australia
Volume number 10
Issue number 3
Start page 149
End page 170
Total pages 22
Publisher Monash University Publishing
Place of publication Clayton, Vic
Publication date 2013-12-13
ISSN 1449-0854
1833-4881
Keyword(s) Mining
Iron ore
Pilbara
Summary The Australian government embargoed any export of iron ore between 1938 and 1960. Joseph Lyons’s government imposed the ban on the eve of World War II for a strategic reason: to prevent the Japanese from importing ore from Yampi Sound in Western Australia. Another consideration, which underpinned the retention of the ban for more than two decades, was the Commonwealth of Australia's perception that Australia's iron ore reserves were limited. In the space of a few years after the partial lifting of the embargo in 1960, world-class reserves of iron ore, mainly in Western Australia, were discovered. Mined and exported from the mid-1960s, iron ore would become, in time, Australia’s best export earner. This article explores the reasons behind the lifting of the ban and how the relaxation of the embargo in stages between 1960 and 1966 shaped the emerging iron ore industry and therefore Australia’s mining boom.
Language eng
Field of Research 220201 Business and Labour History
Socio Economic Objective 970121 Expanding Knowledge in History and Archaeology
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
HERDC collection year 2013
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30058980

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Arts and Education
Alfred Deakin Research Institute
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