Relationships between motivation and burnout in sub-elite rowers

Tran, J, Main, L. C., Rice, A. and Gastin, P. 2013, Relationships between motivation and burnout in sub-elite rowers, in ACSMS 2013 : Abstracts of the Asics Conference of Science and Medicine in Sport 2013, Sports Medicine Australia, Mitchell, ACT, pp. Sec 2 : 53-Sec 2 : 53.

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Title Relationships between motivation and burnout in sub-elite rowers
Author(s) Tran, J
Main, L. C.
Rice, A.
Gastin, P.
Conference name Asics Conference of Science and Medicine in Sport (2013 : Phuket, Thailand)
Conference location Phuket, Thailand
Conference dates 23-25 Oct. 2013
Title of proceedings ACSMS 2013 : Abstracts of the Asics Conference of Science and Medicine in Sport 2013
Editor(s) [Unknown]
Publication date 2013
Conference series Asics Conference of Science and Medicine in Sport
Start page Sec 2 : 53
End page Sec 2 : 53
Publisher Sports Medicine Australia
Place of publication Mitchell, ACT
Summary Introduction: The development of burnout is specific to highly motivated individuals, a characteristic that predominates in high performance sport. Furthermore, self-determined motivation at the start of a season can predict burnout risk at the end of a season. The underlying notion that initial motivation may be representative of motivation throughout the course of the season requires verification. Therefore, the purposes of this study were to investigate whether motivation at the start of a training phase was related to motivation at the end of the phase (immediately pre-competition), and to examine whether start-of-phase motivation could predict end-of-phase burnout in sub-elite rowers. Methods: Nineteen national-level rowers participated (8 males, 11 females; mean 20.4 years, range 18–24). The Sport Motivation Scale (SMS) (seven subscales relating to intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation, and amotivation) and Athlete Burnout Questionnaire (ABQ) (three subscales: “emotional/physical exhaustion”, “reduced sense of accomplishment”, and “devaluation”) were administered monthly throughout a four-month training period. Spearman’s correlations were calculated between start- and end-of-phase SMS subscales, and between start-of-phase SMS subscales and end-of-phase ABQ subscales. Linear regression analyses were conducted to assess the capacity of SMS subscales to predict end-of-phase burnout. Magnitude-based inferences were drawn from the effect size of model fit (adjusted r2). Results: Start-of-phase motivation scores strongly correlated with end-of-phase scores for all intrinsic motivation subscales (rho range=0.49–0.65), “Identified Regulation” (rho=0.57), and “Amotivation” (rho=0.72). No significant correlations were observed for “Introjected Regulation” or “External Regulation” between the start- and end-of-phase measures. “Intrinsic Motivation: To Know” was predictive of “Emotional/Physical Exhaustion” (adjusted r2=0.29, true effect very likely negative), while “Amotivation” was predictive of “Reduced Sense of Accomplishment” (adjusted r2=0.35, true effect very likely positive) and “Devaluation” (adjusted r2=0.21, true effect likely positive). Conclusion: Self-determined motivation factors (intrinsic motivation subscales, “Identified Regulation”) and “Amotivation” were correlated between start- and end-of-phase measures, whereas less self-determined factors (“Introjected Regulation”, “External Regulation”) were not related between these two timepoints. Low intrinsic motivation and high amotivation were predictive of an increased likelihood of burnout. These findings are consistent with self-determination theory, and indicate that athletes who initially feel highly motivated, and who perceive their motivation to be largely self-determined, are less likely to exhibit burnout symptoms.
Language eng
Field of Research 119999 Medical and Health Sciences not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Research category E1 Full written paper - refereed
Copyright notice ©2013, Elsevier
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Document type: Conference Paper
Collection: School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences
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