Gender profiles of behavioral attention in children with autism spectrum disorders

May, Tamara, Cornish, Kim and Rinehart, Nicole J. 2016, Gender profiles of behavioral attention in children with autism spectrum disorders, Journal of attention disorders, vol. 20, no. 7, pp. 627-635, doi: 10.1177/1087054712455502.

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Title Gender profiles of behavioral attention in children with autism spectrum disorders
Author(s) May, TamaraORCID iD for May, Tamara
Cornish, Kim
Rinehart, Nicole J.ORCID iD for Rinehart, Nicole J.
Journal name Journal of attention disorders
Volume number 20
Issue number 7
Start page 627
End page 635
Total pages 9
Publisher Sage Publications
Place of publication Thousand Oaks, Calif.
Publication date 2016-07
ISSN 1087-0547
Keyword(s) autism spectrum disorders
Summary Objective: The attention profile of girls with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is unclear compared with boys with ASD and typical children. This study aimed to investigate parent-reported ASD and ADHD symptoms in a large sample of boys and girls with and without ASD.

Method: A total of 124 normally intelligent children, half of them girls, 64 with autistic disorder or Asperger’s disorder, and 60 age- and gender-matched typically developing, aged 7 to 12 years, were recruited. Parents completed questionnaires regarding autistic and ADHD symptoms.

Results: No gender differences in social difficulties but more repetitive motor movements, communication difficulties, and inattention were reported in males, regardless of group. Younger boys with ASD had more elevated levels of hyperactivity-impulsivity than younger girls with ASD.

Conclusion: Gender differences in autistic symptoms and inattention in ASD reflected gender differences in typical children. More pronounced hyperactivity in younger boys with ASD could contribute to higher rates of clinical referral than girls.
Language eng
DOI 10.1177/1087054712455502
Field of Research 179999 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences not elsewhere classified
1701 Psychology
Socio Economic Objective 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2012, The Authors
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Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Psychology
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