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What hispanic parents do to encourage and discourage 3-5 year old children to be active : a qualitative study using nominal group technique

O'Connor, Teresia M., Cerin, Ester, O'Hughes, Sheryl, Robles, Jessica, Thompson, Deborah, Baranowski, Tom, Lee, Rebecca E., Nicklas, Theresa and Shewchuk, Richard M. 2013, What hispanic parents do to encourage and discourage 3-5 year old children to be active : a qualitative study using nominal group technique, International journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity, vol. 10, no. 93, pp. 1-9.

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Title What hispanic parents do to encourage and discourage 3-5 year old children to be active : a qualitative study using nominal group technique
Author(s) O'Connor, Teresia M.
Cerin, Ester
O'Hughes, Sheryl
Robles, Jessica
Thompson, Deborah
Baranowski, Tom
Lee, Rebecca E.
Nicklas, Theresa
Shewchuk, Richard M.
Journal name International journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity
Volume number 10
Issue number 93
Start page 1
End page 9
Total pages 9
Publisher BioMed Central
Place of publication London, England
Publication date 2013
ISSN 1479-5868
Keyword(s) Physical activity
Parenting practices
Hispanic
Preschool child
Qualitative research
Nominal group technique
Summary Purpose : Hispanic preschoolers are less active than their non-Hispanic peers. As part of a feasibility study to assess environmental and parenting influences on preschooler physical activity (PA) (Niños Activos), the aim of this study was to identify what parents do to encourage or discourage PA among Hispanic 3-5 year old children to inform the development of a new PA parenting practice instrument and future interventions to increase PA among Hispanic youth.

Methods : Nominal Group Technique (NGT), a structured multi-step group procedure, was used to elicit and prioritize responses from 10 groups of Hispanic parents regarding what parents do to encourage (5 groups) or discourage (5 groups) preschool aged children to be active. Five groups consisted of parents with low education (less than high school) and 5 with high education (high school or greater) distributed between the two NGT questions.

Results : Ten NGT groups (n = 74, range 4-11/group) generated 20-46 and 42-69 responses/group for practices that encourage or discourage PA respectively. Eight to 18 responses/group were elected as the most likely to encourage or discourage PA. Parental engagement in child activities, modeling PA, and feeding the child well were identified as parenting practices that encourage child PA. Allowing TV and videogame use, psychological control, physical or emotional abuse, and lack of parental engagement emerged as parenting practices that discourage children from being active. There were few differences in the pattern of responses by education level.

Conclusions :
Parents identified ways they encourage and discourage 3-5 year-olds from PA, suggesting both are important targets for interventions. These will inform the development of a new PA parenting practice scale to be further evaluated. Further research should explore the role parents play in discouraging child PA, especially in using psychological control or submitting children to abuse, which were new findings in this study.
Language eng
Field of Research 110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 920401 Behaviour and Health
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2013, BioMed Central
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30059435

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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.