Associations between child temperament, maternal feeding practices and child body mass index during the preschool years: a systematic review of the literature

Bergmeier, Heidi, Skouteris, Helen, Horwood, Sharon, Hooley, Merrilyn and Richardson, Ben 2014, Associations between child temperament, maternal feeding practices and child body mass index during the preschool years: a systematic review of the literature, Obesity reviews, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 9-18.

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Title Associations between child temperament, maternal feeding practices and child body mass index during the preschool years: a systematic review of the literature
Author(s) Bergmeier, Heidi
Skouteris, Helen
Horwood, Sharon
Hooley, Merrilyn
Richardson, Ben
Journal name Obesity reviews
Volume number 15
Issue number 1
Start page 9
End page 18
Total pages 10
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell
Place of publication Chichester, England
Publication date 2014-01
ISSN 1467-7881
1467-789X
Keyword(s) maternal practices
obesity
preschool
systematic review
Summary It is a research priority to identify modifiable risk factors to improve the effec- tiveness of childhood obesity prevention strategies. Research, however, has largely overlooked the role of child temperament and personality implicated in obesogenic risk factors such as maternal feeding and body mass index (BMI) of preschoolers. A systematic review of relevant literature was conducted to inves- tigate the associations between child temperament, child personality, maternal feeding and BMI and/or weight gain in infants and preschoolers; 18 papers were included in the review. The findings revealed an association between the temperament traits of poor self-regulation, distress to limitations, low and high soothability, low negative affectivity and higher BMI in infants and preschool- aged children. Temperament traits difficult, distress to limitations, surgency/ extraversion and emotionality were significantly associated with weight gain rates in infants. The results also suggested that child temperament was associated with maternal feeding behaviours that have been shown to influence childhood over- weight and obesity, such as using restrictive feeding practices with children per- ceived as having poor self-regulation and feeding potentially obesogenic food and drinks to infants who are more externalizing. Interestingly, no studies to date have evaluated the association between child personality and BMI/weight gain in infants and preschoolers. There is a clear need for further research into the association of child temperament and obesogenic risk factors in preschool-aged children.
Language eng
Field of Research 170102 Developmental Psychology and Ageing
Socio Economic Objective 929999 Health not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2014, Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30059465

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Psychology
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Created: Mon, 13 Jan 2014, 16:01:33 EST by Heidi Bergmeier

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