Physical activity and exercise in the maintenance of the adult skeleton and the prevention of osteoporotic fractures

Taaffe, Dennis R., Daly, Robin M., Suominen, Harri, Galvao, Daniel A. and Bolam, Kate A. 2013, Physical activity and exercise in the maintenance of the adult skeleton and the prevention of osteoporotic fractures, in Osteoporosis, Elsevier, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, pp.683-719.

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Title Physical activity and exercise in the maintenance of the adult skeleton and the prevention of osteoporotic fractures
Author(s) Taaffe, Dennis R.
Daly, Robin M.
Suominen, Harri
Galvao, Daniel A.
Bolam, Kate A.
Title of book Osteoporosis
Editor(s) Marcus, Robert
Feldman, David
Dempster, David
Luckey, Marjorie
Cauley, Jane
Publication date 2013
Series 4th Edition
Chapter number 29
Total chapters 87
Start page 683
End page 719
Total pages 37
Publisher Elsevier
Place of Publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Keyword(s) osteoporosis
fractures
peak bone mass
adult skeleton
skeletal integrity
musculoskeletal health
Summary In the prevention of osteoporosis and osteoporoticrelated fractures, strategies aimed at maximizing peak bone mass during childhood and adolescence; maintaining or attenuating bone loss during the adult years; and increasing or preserving muscle mass, strength, power, and function are all considered critical. To this end, physical activity and exercise are recognized as important modifiable lifestyle variables that can strengthen the skeleton and muscles and reduce the risk of falls and subsequent fracture, as well as enhance quality of life... 

This chapter provides an overview of the changes in the adult skeleton with age; the scientific basis for physical activity and exercise as a strategy to maintain or enhance skeletal integrity; the role of various modes of physical activity/exercise to augment bone mass, geometry, and strength; the antifracture efficacy of physical activity and exercise; and exercise recommendations for optimizing musculoskeletal health and reducing the risk of fracture during adulthood and old age.
ISBN 0123982529
9780123982520
Language eng
Field of Research 111716 Preventive Medicine
Socio Economic Objective 920116 Skeletal System and Disorders (incl. Arthritis)
HERDC Research category B1 Book chapter
Copyright notice ©2013, Elsevier
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30060488

Document type: Book Chapter
Collection: Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research
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