Psychosocial working conditions in a representative sample of working Australians 2001–2008: an analysis of changes in inequalities over time

LaMontagne, AD, Krnjacki, L, Kavanagh, AM and Bentley, R 2013, Psychosocial working conditions in a representative sample of working Australians 2001–2008: an analysis of changes in inequalities over time, Occupational and Environmental Medicine, vol. 70, no. 9, pp. 639-647, doi: 10.1136/oemed-2012-101171.

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Title Psychosocial working conditions in a representative sample of working Australians 2001–2008: an analysis of changes in inequalities over time
Author(s) LaMontagne, ADORCID iD for LaMontagne, AD orcid.org/0000-0002-5811-5906
Krnjacki, L
Kavanagh, AM
Bentley, R
Journal name Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Volume number 70
Issue number 9
Start page 639
End page 647
Total pages 9
Publisher BMJ Publishing Group
Place of publication London, UK
Publication date 2013
ISSN 1351-0711
1470-7926
Keyword(s) Psychosocial
Working conditions
Australia
Inequalities
Summary Background A number of widely prevalent job stressors have been identified as modifiable risk factors for common mental and physical illnesses such as depression and cardiovascular disease, yet there has been relatively little study of population trends in exposure to job stressors over time. The aims of this paper were to assess: (1) overall time trends in job control and security and (2) whether disparities by sex, age, skill level and employment arrangement were changing over time in the Australian working population. Methods Job control and security were measured in eight annual waves (2000–2008) from the Australian nationally-representative Household Income and Labour Dynamics of Australia panel survey (n=13 188 unique individuals for control and n=13 182 for security). Observed and model-predicted time trends were generated. Models were generated using population-averaged longitudinal linear regression, with year fitted categorically. Changes in disparities over time by sex, age group, skill level and employment arrangement were tested as interactions between each of these stratifying variables and time. Results While significant disparities persisted for disadvantaged compared with advantaged groups, results suggested that inequalities in job control narrowed among young workers compared with older groups and for casual, fixed-term and self-employed compared with permanent workers. A slight narrowing of disparities over time in job security was noted for gender, age, employment arrangement and occupational skill level. Conclusions Despite the favourable findings of small reductions in disparities in job control and security, significant cross-sectional disparities persist. Policy and practice intervention to improve psychosocial working conditions for disadvantaged groups could reduce these persisting disparities and associated illness burdens.
Language eng
DOI 10.1136/oemed-2012-101171
Field of Research 119999 Medical and Health Sciences not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30061384

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Health and Social Development
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