Design with nature : a proposed model for coastal settlements in Australia adapting to climate change and extreme weather events

Roos, Phillip B. 2014, Design with nature : a proposed model for coastal settlements in Australia adapting to climate change and extreme weather events, in UHPH 2014 : Landscapes and ecologies of urban and planning history : Proceedings of the 12th Australasian Urban History Planning History Conference, Australasian Urban History / Planning History Group and Victoria University of Wellington, Wellington, New Zealand, pp. 649-664.

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Title Design with nature : a proposed model for coastal settlements in Australia adapting to climate change and extreme weather events
Author(s) Roos, Phillip B.ORCID iD for Roos, Phillip B. orcid.org/0000-0002-5571-1059
Conference name Australasian Urban History Planning History. Conference (12th : 2014 : Wellington, New Zealand)
Conference location Wellington, New Zealand
Conference dates 2-5 Feb. 2014
Title of proceedings UHPH 2014 : Landscapes and ecologies of urban and planning history : Proceedings of the 12th Australasian Urban History Planning History Conference
Editor(s) Gjerde, Morten
Petrovic, Emina
Publication date 2014
Conference series Australasian Urban History Planning History Conference
Start page 649
End page 664
Total pages 16
Publisher Australasian Urban History / Planning History Group and Victoria University of Wellington
Place of publication Wellington, New Zealand
Keyword(s) Resilient Communities
Coastal Settlements
Climate Change
Adaptation
Design
Generative
Pattern Language
Regenerative
Summary The Australian coast is rich in history and is scattered with coastal settlements amongst a contrasting landscape with infinite visual and ecological diversity. These attributes provide the opportunity to create sustainable and resilient settlements, linking the wholeness of a place to the foundation of living in harmony with nature. On the contrary the coastal regions of Australia are facing dynamic changes of population growth including the looming impact of a changing climate. Acknowledging these challenges, the Australian Government highlighted that one of the key requirements for a sustainable future is to establish sustainable settlements that are resilient against the impacts of climate change. Recent government studies and reports highlighted various possible impacts to the Australian coast and regional settlements due to sea level rise with associated coastal recession, extreme weather events, flooding, and prolonged heat waves. Various adaptation frameworks are proposed to deal with this issue, but very few consider the relationship between ecological systems and human built environments. The resilience planning of settlements must consider the co-evolution of human and nature under future climate effects. This paper is thus seeking answers to the question: How can the theoretical principles of Design with Nature (McHarg, 1967) and The Nature of Order (Alexander, 1980) provide for input to a adaptation model for settlements along the coast? Reflecting on a literature review of these two well established theories, the author select key principles from both as input to a ecological design based adaptation model for coastal settlements, which establishes a system of unfolding steps to create sustainable communities that connect with the landscape, and are resilient against future impacts of change.
Language eng
Field of Research 050101 Ecological Impacts of Climate Change
120107 Landscape Architecture
120508 Urban Design
Socio Economic Objective 960311 Social Impacts of Climate Change and Variability
HERDC Research category E1 Full written paper - refereed
Copyright notice ©2014, Australasian Urban History / Planning History Group and Victoria University of Wellington
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30061620

Document type: Conference Paper
Collection: School of Architecture and Built Environment
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