Lim, Yang Choon, Kouzani, Abbas Z., Duan, Wei, Dai, Xiujuan J., Kaynak, Akif and Mair, Douglas 2014, A surface-stress-based microcantilever aptasensor, IEEE transactions on biomedical circuits and systems, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 15-24.
Biosensors based on microcantilevers convert biological recognition events into measurable mechanical displacements. They offer advantages such as small size, low sample volume, label-free detection, ease of integration, high-throughput analysis, and low development cost. The design and development of a microcantilever-based aptasensor employing SU-8 polymer as the fabrication material is presented in this paper. Aptamers are employed as bioreceptor elements because they exhibit superior specificity compared to antibodies due to their small size and physicochemical stability. To immobilise thrombin DNA aptamer on the bare SU-8 surface of the aptasensor, a combined plasma mode treatment method is implemented which modifies the surface of the aptasensor. Label-free detection of thrombin molecules using the fabricated aptasensor is successfully demonstrated. The measured deflection is one order of magnitude higher than that of a silicon nitride microcantilever biosensor. The developed aptasensor also demonstrates high specificity.
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