Cathode characterization with steel and copper collector bars in an electrolytic cell

Das, Subrat, Morsi, Yos and Brooks, Geoffrey 2014, Cathode characterization with steel and copper collector bars in an electrolytic cell, JOM: the journal of the minerals, metals & materials society, vol. 66, no. 2, pp. 235-244, doi: 10.1007/s11837-013-0847-1.

Attached Files
Name Description MIMEType Size Downloads

Title Cathode characterization with steel and copper collector bars in an electrolytic cell
Author(s) Das, Subrat
Morsi, Yos
Brooks, Geoffrey
Journal name JOM: the journal of the minerals, metals & materials society
Volume number 66
Issue number 2
Start page 235
End page 244
Total pages 10
Publisher Springer
Place of publication Berlin, Germany
Publication date 2014-02
ISSN 1047-4838
Summary This article presents finite-element method simulation results of current distribution in an aluminum electrolytic cell. The model uses one quarter of the cell as a computational domain assuming longitudinal (along the length of the cell) and transverse axes of symmetries. The purpose of this work is to closely examine the impact of steel and copper collector bars on the cell current distribution. The findings indicated that an inclined steel collector bar (φ = 1°) can save up to 10–12 mV from the cathode lining in comparison to a horizontal 100 mm × 150-mm steel collector bar. It is predicted that a copper collector bar has a much higher potential of saving cathode voltage drop (CVD) and has a greater impact on the overall current distribution in the cell. A copper collector bar with 72% of cathode length and size of 100 mm × 150 mm is predicted to have more than 150 mV savings in cathode lining. In addition, a significant improvement in current distribution over the entire cathode surface is achieved when compared with a similar size of steel collector bar. There is a reduction of more than 70% in peak current density value due to the higher conductivity of copper. Comparisons between steel and copper collector bars with different sizes are discussed in terms CVD and current density distribution. The most important aspect of the findings is to recognize the influence of copper collector bars on the current distribution in molten metal. Lorentz fields are evaluated at different sizes of steel and copper collector bars. The simulation predicts that there is 50% decrease in Lorentz force due to the improvement in current distribution in the molten metal.
Language eng
DOI 10.1007/s11837-013-0847-1
Field of Research 099999 Engineering not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 970109 Expanding Knowledge in Engineering
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2014, Springer
Persistent URL

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Engineering
Connect to link resolver
Unless expressly stated otherwise, the copyright for items in DRO is owned by the author, with all rights reserved.

Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 4 times in TR Web of Science
Scopus Citation Count Cited 10 times in Scopus
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Access Statistics: 243 Abstract Views, 1 File Downloads  -  Detailed Statistics
Created: Tue, 18 Mar 2014, 08:42:48 EST

Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact