Family food involvement and frequency of famiy dinner meals among Australian children aged 10-12 years. Cross-sectional and longitudinal associations with dietary patterns

Leech, Rebecca, McNaughton, Sarah A., Crawford, David, Campbell, Karen J., Pearson, Natalie and Timperio, Anna 2014, Family food involvement and frequency of famiy dinner meals among Australian children aged 10-12 years. Cross-sectional and longitudinal associations with dietary patterns, Appetite, vol. 75, pp. 64-70.

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Title Family food involvement and frequency of famiy dinner meals among Australian children aged 10-12 years. Cross-sectional and longitudinal associations with dietary patterns
Author(s) Leech, Rebecca
McNaughton, Sarah A.
Crawford, David
Campbell, Karen J.
Pearson, Natalie
Timperio, Anna
Journal name Appetite
Volume number 75
Start page 64
End page 70
Total pages 7
Publisher Elsevier BV
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publication date 2014-04
ISSN 0195-6663
Keyword(s) food preparation
family meal
dietary patterns
child
adolescents
longitudinal
Summary Involvement in meal preparation and eating meals with the family are associated with better dietary patterns in adolescents, however little research has included older children or longitudinal study designs. This 3-year longitudinal study examines cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between family food involvement, family dinner meal frequency and dietary patterns during late childhood. Questionnaires were completed by parents of 188 children from Greater Melbourne, Australia at baseline in 2002 (mean age = 11.25 years) and at follow-up in 2006 (mean age = 14.16 years). Principal components analysis (PCA) was used to identify dietary patterns. Factor analysis (FA) was used to determine the principal factors from six indicators of family food involvement. Multiple linear regression models were used to predict the dietary patterns of children and adolescents at baseline and at follow-up, 3 years later, from baseline indicators of family food involvement and frequency of family dinner meals. PCA revealed two dietary patterns, labeled a healthful pattern and an energy-dense pattern. FA revealed one factor for family food involvement. Cross-sectionally among boys, family food involvement score (β = 0.55, 95% CI: 0.02, 1.07) and eating family dinner meals daily (β = 1.11, 95% CI: 0.27, 1.96) during late childhood were positively associated with the healthful pattern. Eating family dinner meals daily was inversely associated with the energy-dense pattern, cross-sectionally among boys (β = −0.56, 95% CI: −1.06, −0.06). No significant cross-sectional associations were found among girls and no significant longitudinal associations were found for either gender. Involvement in family food and eating dinner with the family during late childhood may have a positive influence on dietary patterns of boys. No evidence was found to suggest the effects on dietary patterns persist into adolescence.
Language eng
Field of Research 111199 Nutrition and Dietetics not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 920411 Nutrition
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2014, Elsevier
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30061963

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences
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