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Early childhood physical activity, sedentary behaviors and psychosocial well-being: a systematic review

Hinkley, Trina, Teychenne, Megan, Downing, Katherine L, Ball, Kylie, Salmon, Jo and Hesketh, Kylie D 2014, Early childhood physical activity, sedentary behaviors and psychosocial well-being: a systematic review, Preventive Medicine, vol. 62, pp. 182-192, doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2014.02.007.

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Title Early childhood physical activity, sedentary behaviors and psychosocial well-being: a systematic review
Author(s) Hinkley, TrinaORCID iD for Hinkley, Trina orcid.org/0000-0003-2742-8579
Teychenne, MeganORCID iD for Teychenne, Megan orcid.org/0000-0002-7293-8255
Downing, Katherine L
Ball, KylieORCID iD for Ball, Kylie orcid.org/0000-0003-2893-8415
Salmon, JoORCID iD for Salmon, Jo orcid.org/0000-0002-4734-6354
Hesketh, Kylie DORCID iD for Hesketh, Kylie D orcid.org/0000-0002-2702-7110
Journal name Preventive Medicine
Volume number 62
Start page 182
End page 192
Total pages 11
Publisher Elsevier
Place of publication New York, NY
Publication date 2014
ISSN 0091-7435
Keyword(s) Early childhood
Physical activity
Electronic screen use
Psychosocial well-being
Systematic review
Summary Objectives
Little is known about how health behaviors such as physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviors (SB) may be associated with psychosocial well-being during the crucial early childhood period. The aim of this study was to undertake a systematic review of associations between PA, SB and psychosocial well-being during early childhood.

Methods

In February 2013, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, SPORTDiscus and Embase electronic databases were searched. Inclusion criteria were: 1. peer-reviewed publication since 1980 in English; 2. children aged birth–5 years; 3. PA or SB measured during early childhood; 4. an indicator of child psychosocial well-being; and 5. association between PA/SB and psychosocial well-being reported. Studies could be observational or interventions. Data were extracted by one author and entered into a standardized form in February and March 2013.

Results
19 studies were identified: four examined PA, 13 examined SB and two examined PA and SB. No interventions met the inclusion criteria; all included studies were observational. In total, 21 indicators of psychosocial well-being were examined, 13 only once with the remaining eight reported in more than one study. Some dose–response evidence was identified suggesting that PA is positively, and SB inversely, associated with psychosocial well-being.

Conclusions
Too few studies exist to draw conclusions regarding associations. Future high-quality cohort and intervention studies are warranted particularly investigating dose–response associations.
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/j.ypmed.2014.02.007
Field of Research 110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 920501 Child Health
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2014, Elsevier
Free to Read? Yes
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30062343

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Created: Thu, 03 Apr 2014, 14:45:54 EST by Jane Moschetti

Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.